Bioenergetic Processes of Cyanobacteria: From Evolutionary Singularity to Ecological Diversity

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Guenter A. Peschek, Christian Obinger, Gernot Renger
Springer Science & Business Media, Jun 8, 2011 - Science - 720 pages
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This publication is unique among a number of books on cyanobacteria because it focuses on the bioenergetics of these widespread organisms which are the evolutionary prerequisite for the development of all higher forms of life on our "blue" planet. The book primarily addresses questions of energy conversion by the fundamental bioenergetic processes: (oxygenic) photosynthesis, (aerobic) respiration, and (anaerobic) fermentation which uniquely occur together in these prokaryotic cells. Thermophilic cyanobacteria offer the most suitable material for high resolution structure analyses of Photosystem I and II and other electron transport complexes by X-ray crystallography (for example, at present the structure of Photosystem II at atomic resolution is only known for these organisms). These achievements during the last decade represent a milestone in our understanding of the complexes which are crucial for solar energy exploitation through photosynthetic water splitting. The present work represents an ambitious attempt to achieve the goal of a synoptic state-of-the-art picture by casting together the mosaics of detailed knowledge described by leading experts in the field. It contains 24 chapters written by 35 authors from Europe, USA, India and Japan. The book is aimed at reaching a broad audience ranging from students to experienced scientists. The editors wish all readers a pleasant and stimulating journey through the fascinating “world” of the bioenergetics of cyanobacteria and sincerely hope that this book will not only be of great value for the experts but also entice young people into this exciting research area with the aim to address successfully the challenging problems of high relevance that are still waiting for a satisfactory answer.
 

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Contents

Part I Cyanobacteria and Their Environment
2
A Holistic Account of Our Microbial Biosphere Focussing on the Bioenergetic Processes of Cyanobacteria the E
3
The Photosynthetic Apparatus of the Living Fossil
71
An Alternate Hypothesis for the Origin of Mitochondria
89
The Complex Regulation of the Phosphate Uptake System of Cyanobacteria
109
The Site of Respiratory Electron Transport in Cyanobacteria and Its Implication for the Photoinhibition of Respiration
131
Nitrogenases and Hydrogenases in Cyanobacteria
137
Hydrogen Peroxide Degradation in Cyanobacteria
159
Mn Transport and the Assembly of Photosystem II
423
Part IV Electron Entry Dehydrogenation
444
Structure and Physiological Function of NDH1 Complexes in Cyanobacteria
445
Quinone Oxidoreductases and its Implications for the Cyanobacterial Enzymes
469
Electron and Protein Circuits Between Dehydrogenases and Oxygen Reductases in Cyanobacteria
512
The WaterSoluble Cytochromes of Cyanobacteria
515
Transient Interactions Between Soluble Electron Transfer Proteins The Case of Plastocyanin and Cytochrome
541
The Cytochrome b6 f Complex
573

Part II CyanobacteriaThe First Electric Power Plants Discovery of Biological Electron Transport the Clue to Most Efficient Bioenerg
186
The Respiratory and Photosynthetic Electron Transport Chains
189
Bioenergetics in a Primordial Cyanobacterium
211
Structure Function and Regulation of a Complex Machine
239
Oxygenic Photosynthesis and Other Uses of Light
262
The Evolution of Cyanobacteria and Photosynthesis
265
Structure of Cyanobacterial Photosystems I and II
285
A Biophysical and Biochemical Comparison
337
The Orange Carotenoid Protein and Energy Dissipation
395
The Convergent Evolution of Cytochrome c6 and Plastocyanin Has Been Driven by Geochemical Changes
607
Flavodiiron Proteins and Their Role in Cyanobacteria
631
Part VI Electron Exit Terminal Oxidation
656
HemeCopper Oxidases and Their Electron Donors
657
Part VII Progress in the Genetic Manipulation of Cyanobacteria
683
Tools for Genetic Manipulationof Cyanobacteria
685
References
697
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