Bioethics: Latin American Perspectives
Arleen L. F. Salles, María Julia Bertomeu
Rodopi, 2002 - Philosophy - 199 pages
This book presents a unique view of the current state of development of bioethics in Latin America. Twelve Latin American thinkers who share a primary interest in bioethics address a vast range of questions, including autonomy, rights, justice, and the role of culture and religion in bioethics. These studies contribute to an understanding of Latin American thought, and they make possible a transcultural dialogue on bioethical issues.
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EXPER1MENTAT1ON ON HUMAN SUBJECTS
ElGHT Bioethics and Research in Brazil
NlNE What ls tExactly Wrong with Selling Your Body
TEN lnterdisciplinary Ethics Committees
Notes on Contributors
1bid abortion abortion in Mexico accept according adequate Amartya Amartya Sen Argentina argue autonomy basic needs bioethicists bioethics Buenos Aires capabilities Catholic Church choice concept concern considered context corruption criteria critical cultural identity decisions defend developing countries discussion distribution economic embryos ethics committees euthanasia exist favor fertility fetus fetuses focus functioning genetic harm human individual informed consent issues Jon Elster justice justified kidney lack Latin American lives Martha Nussbaum Mexican Mexico moral person normative notion of autonomy Organ Transplantation paternalism paternalistic patients percent Philosophy physicians placebo policies political population possible practice preferences pregnancy principle problems PROGRESA promote question reasons relevant religious reproductive health reproductive rights research subjects respect for autonomy restrictions right to health salud social society tCambridge theory tNew York tOxford transplantation treatment trials University Press utilitarian waiting list well,being women zidovudine
Page 11 - Putting the various pieces together, autonomy is conceived of as a second-order capacity of persons to reflect critically upon their first-order preferences, desires, wishes, and so forth and the capacity to accept or attempt to change these in light of higher-order preferences and values.
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