Bioethics in Cultural Contexts: Reflections on Methods and Finitude
Christoph Rehmann-Sutter, Marcus DŁwell, Dietmar Mieth
Springer Science & Business Media, Mar 8, 2006 - Science - 386 pages
CHRISTOPH REHMANN-SUTTER, MARCUS D‹WELL, DIETMAR MIETH When we placed “finitude”, “limits of human existence” as a motto over a round of discussion on biomedicine and bioethics (which led to this collection of essays) we did not know how far this would lead us into methodological quandaries. However, we felt intuitively that an interdisciplinary approach including social and cultural sciences would have an advantage over a solely disciplinary (philosophical or theological) analysis. Bioethics, if it is to have adequate discriminatory power, should include sensitivity to the cultural contexts of biomedicine, and also to the cultural contexts of bioethics itself. Context awareness, of course, is not foreign to philosophical or theological bioethics, for the simple reason that the issues tackled in the debates (as in other fields of ethics) could not be adequately understood outside their contexts. Moral issues are always accompanied by contexts. When we try to unpack them – which is necessary to make them accessible to ethical discussion – we are regularly confronted with the fact that in removing too much of the context we do not clarify an issue, but make it less comprehensible. The context – at least some essential parts of it – is intrinsic to the issue. Unpacking in ethics is therefore a different procedure. It does not mean peeling the context off, but rather identifying which contextual elements are essential for an understanding of the key moral aspects of the issue, and explaining how they establish its particular character.
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LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS
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accept action agent alternative medicine Apel approach argument autonomy basic Beauchamp and Childress bioethicists bioethics Bioethics in Cultural Biomedical Ethics biomedicine biopolitics brain death Categorical Imperative child claim cloning coherentism concept concerns consensus critical Cultural Contexts deaf debate decision dependency disability Discourse Ethics discussion diversity embryos empirical Engelhardt ethic of care ethical theory ethicists Ethik euthanasia evaluation example existential experience Frankfurt fundamental gene therapy genetic Habermas hermeneutical human idea identity individual interests interpretation issues Jodie justice Kant Kant’s limits means medical ethics Mieth modern moral principles narrative nature normative normative ethics notion one’s patients person perspective philosophy physicians political possible practice pre-implantation genetic diagnosis problems questions rational reasons reference reflection reflective equilibrium Rehmann-Sutter relation relationship relevant respect responsibility role scientific sense situation social sciences society specific stem cell teleology theoretical unconventional medicine understanding values
Page iii - GERRIT K. KIMSMA, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, the Netherlands DAVID NOVAK, University of Toronto, Canada EDMUND D. PELLEGRINO, Georgetown University, Washington DC, USA DOM RENZO PEGORARO, Fondazione Lanza and University of Padua, Italy DANIEL P.
Page iii - DAVID N. WEISSTUB, Universite de Montreal, Canada THOMASINE KIMBROUGH KUSHNER, University of California, Berkeley, USA Editor DAVID N. WEISSTUB, Universite de Montreal, Canada Editorial Board TERRY CARNEY, University of Sydney, Australia MARCUS DUWELL, Utrecht University. Utrecht, the Netherlands S0REN HOLM, University of Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom GERRIT K.