Biogeography, Second Edition combines ecological and historical perspectives to show how contemporary environments, earth history, and evolutionary processes have shaped the distributions of species and the patterns of biodiversity. It illustrates general patterns and processes using examples from different groups of plants and animals from diverse habitats and geographic regions. Written primarily for use in undergraduate and graduate courses in plant and/or animal geography, the book serves as a general synthesis and reference as well.
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The science of biogeography
Species diversity in continental
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adapted adaptive radiation Africa angiosperms animals aquatic areas Australasia Australia barriers biogeographic biotas biotic birds Cenozoic changes Chapter cies cladistic cladogram climate colonization communities competition continental drift continents Cretaceous desert disjunctions distributions diversity eastern ecological elevations endemic environment Eocene evolution evolutionary example extinction factors families fauna Figure fishes forms fossil record freshwater genera genetic geographic ranges geologic glacial Gondwanaland groups Guinea habitats insects isolated lakes land bridge land connections landmasses latitudes limited living long-distance dispersal MacArthur Madagascar mainland major mammals marine Mesozoic migration million years BP mountain Neotropics niches North Northern Hemisphere number of species occur organisms origin Pacific patterns phylogenetic plants plate Pleistocene Poaceae polyploidy populations predators present radiation rain forest reconstructions regions relationships relatively similar soil South America southeast Asia southern speciation subfamilies taxa taxon taxonomic temperate temperature terrestrial tion tropical vicariance World zone