Biographies of Scientific Objects

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University of Chicago Press, Jun 15, 2000 - Philosophy - 307 pages
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Why does an object or phenomenon become the subject of scientific inquiry? Why do some of these objects remain provocative, while others fade from center stage? And why do objects sometimes return as the focus of research long after they were once abandoned?

Addressing such questions, Biographies of Scientific Objects is about how whole domains of phenomena—dreams, atoms, monsters, culture, society, mortality, centers of gravity, value, cytoplasmic particles, the self, tuberculosis—come into being and sometimes pass away as objects of scientific study. With examples drawn from both the natural and social sciences, and ranging from the sixteenth to the twentieth centuries, this book explores the ways in which scientific objects are both real and historical. Whether discovered or invented, these objects of inquiry broaden and deepen in meaning—growing more "real"—as they become entangled in webs of cultural significance, material practices, and theoretical derivations. Thus their biographies will matter to anyone concerned with the formation of scientific knowledge.

Contributors are Jed Z. Buchwald, Lorraine Daston, Rivka Feldhay, Jan Goldstein, Gerard Jorland, Doris Kauffman, Bruno Latour, Theodore M. Porter, Hans-Jörg Rheinberger, Marshall Sahlins, and Peter Wagner.
 

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Contents

Preternatural Philosophy
15
Mathematical Entities in Scientific Discourse
42
Dreams and Selfconsciousness
67
Mutations of the Self in Old Regime and Postrevolutionary France
86
The Coming into Being and Passing Away of Value Theories in Economics 17761976
117
An Entirely New Object of Consciousness of Volition of Thought
132
Sentimental Pessimism and Ethnographic Experience
158
How the Ether Spawned the Microworld
203
Life Insurance Medical Testing and the Management of Mortality
226
On the Partial Existence of Existing and Nonexisting Objects
247
Cytoplasmic Particles
270
List of Contributors
295
Index
297
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