Biological Control: Benefits and Risks

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Heikki M. T. Hokkanen, James M. Lynch
Cambridge University Press, Oct 30, 2003 - Medical - 304 pages
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Biological control of insect pests, plant pathogens and weeds, is the only major alternative to the use of pesticides in agriculture and forestry. As with all technologies, there are benefits and risks associated with their utilization. This book is the outcome of a unique gathering of specialists to discuss and debate the benefits and risks associated with biological control. After intensive interaction it was concluded that we must place greater emphasis on the benefits, while not ignoring the potential risks. The authors address the various techniques and approaches used in biological control, including state-of-the-art reports and economic and risk analyses. The book will be of interest to researchers and postgraduate students in academia and industry in biotechnology, agriculture, forestry and environmental sciences.
 

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Contents

Suppressiveness of soils to Invading Microorganisms
3
Biotechnology Environmental Impacts of Introducing Crops and Biocontrol Agents in North American Agriculture
13
Frequency and Consequences of Insect Invasions
30
Integrated Pest Management IPM in Fruit Orchards
44
Benefits and Risks of Classical Biological Control
53
Potential Impacts on Threatened and Endangered Insect Species in the United States from Introductions of Parasitic Hymenoptera for the Control of I...
64
Lessons from Postrelease Investigations in Classical Biological Control The Case of Microctonus aethiopoides Loan Hym Braconidae Introduced into ...
75
Host Specificity Screening of Insect Biological Weed Control Agents as Part of an Environmental Risk Assessment
84
The Use of Fungi Particularly Trichoderma spp and Gliocladium spp to Control Root Rot and Dampingoff Diseases
177
Bacillus thuringiensis in Pest Control
190
Opportunities with Baculoviruses
201
Assessing the Potential Benefits and Risks of Introducing Natural and Genetically Manipulated Bacteria for the Control of Soilborne Root Diseases
209
Serodiagnostic Methods for Risk Assessment of Pseudomonas cepacia as a Biocontrol Agent
217
Benefits and Risks of Using Genetically Engineered Baculoviruses as Insecticides
223
Mathematical Modelling of Gene Exchange in Soil
231
Pest Resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis Ecological Crop Assessment for Bt Gene Incorporation and Strategies of Management
236

The Use of Exotic Organisms as Biopesticides Some Issues
93
Use of Trichogramma in Maize Estimating Environmental Risks
101
Entomopathogenic Nematodes in Biological Control Feasibility Perspectives and Possible Risks
119
Pseudomonads as Biocontrol Agents of Diseases Caused by Soilborne Pathogens
137
Biological Control of Soilborne Pathogens of Wheat Benefits Risks and Current Challenges
149
Genetically Engineered Fluorescent Pseudomonads for Improved Biocontrol of Plant Pathogens
161
Biological Control of Foliar Fungal Diseases
167
An International Perspective for the Release of Genetically Engineered Organisms for Biological Control
253
Development of the Biocontrol Fungus Gliocladium virens Risk Assessment and Approval for Horticultural Use
263
Economics of Classical Biological Control A Research Perspective
270
Economics of Biocontrol Agents An Industrial View
277
Registration Requirements of Biological Control Agents in Germany and in the European Union
283
Index
291
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