Biological Effects of Electromagnetic Fields: Mechanisms, Modeling, Biological Effects, Therapeutic Effects, International Standards, Exposure Criteria

Front Cover
Peter Stavroulakis
Springer Science & Business Media, Jan 8, 2003 - Medical - 793 pages
Any book under this title which creates both anticipation and anxiety must be the work of a lot of people, present any new findings with objectivity and cover the subject as exhaustively as possible. As such, it must cover the possible reproducible mechanisms of action/reaction EMF-Biological Organism, the appropriate models that allow quantitative measurements, the basic biological reproducible effects and possible therapeutic effects along with their prevalent metrics and international exposure criteria. This is exactly the main objective of this book. It is also believed that it provides some new results and conclusions which complement, clarify and verify the existing results in the literature included in the references [1] and [2]. Electromagnetic Radiation is a form of energy, which is transmitted in the form of waves which correspond to spatial and time variations of the electric and magnetic field. Electromagnetic fields appear in a vast set of frequencies (spectra) that are divided in frequency zones, according to the manner they are produced or used. Areas greater than 300 gigacycles (GHz), which include the solar spectrum, as well as x and gamma rays, have been studied sufficiently under a different angle in relation to possible biological effects. People are well aware of the harmful effects of sun radiation when they are exposed to the sunlight for extended periods of time and of the catastrophic effects of nuclear bombs and nuclear reactor leaks.
 

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Contents

1 Introduction
1
2 Mechanisms of Action of EMFs on Biological Systems
4
22 Theoretical Considerations for the Biological Effects of Electromagnetic Fields
5
From Mechanisms to Therapeutic Applications
34
Experimental Evidence
76
3 Mathematical Modeling of EMF Energy Absorption in Biological Systems
114
32 Mathematical Modeling Using Experimental and Theoretical Methods in Evaluating Specific Absorption Rates SAR
116
33 Numerical Techniques in RF Dosimetry for Mobile Phone Technology
171
Waveforms and Exposure Assessment
426
5 Biological Effects of EMFs
475
A Review of Studies of EMF and the Relationship to Signal Transduction
477
53 Biomedical Applications of Electromagnetic Fields
494
54 Effects of Electromagnetic Fields on the Immune System
503
55 Effects of Electromagnetic Fields on the Reproductive Capacity of Drosophila Melanogaster
545
56 Low Power Density RFRadiation Effects on Experimental Animal Embryos and Foetuses
579
57 Effects of 144 MHz RF Electromagnetic Fields on the Blood Parameters and Behavior of Rats
603

34 A Modeling Approach for Evaluating SAR for Mobile Systems
238
35 Applications of Theoretical Models of Response of Transmission Lines to External EM Fields
287
4 EM Field Computations and Measurements
342
42 Measurement and Assessment of Electric and Magnetic Fields in an Office and Home Environment
344
43 ELF Magnetic Field Produced by the ac Electrification in a Railway Carriage
378
6 Therapeutic Effects of Electromagnetic Fields
624
62 Applications of Therapeutic Effects of Electromagnetic Fields
626
World Health Organization Criteria for EMF Health Risk Assessment
733
Danger Levels of Non Ionizing EMFExposure Criteria
778
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About the author (2003)

Peter Stavroulakis received his Ph.D. in electrical engineering from New York University. Stavroulakis is a professor in electrical engineering at the Technical University of Crete, Chania, Greece. He is the founder of the Telecommunications Systems Institute of Crete. He is a senior member of IEEE.