Biological and Social Issues in Biotechnology Sharing
This text aims to present a comprehensive summary of both the global as well as institutional issues which are involved in transferring biotechnology. It covers the controversial subject of intellectual property rights (IPR) and the patenting of new discoveries in relation to genetic knowledge in both agriculture and the human genome. One controversial issue is the creation of public and private DNA sequencing databases. Of particular interest is the sharing of biotechnology between the developed (rich) and developing (poor) nations. A related topic which is given attention is the exploitation of biodiversity in the developing countries and the resulting extinction of rare species. The book closes with a discussion of ethical issues involved in sharing or transferring biotechnology either between institutions or among countries.
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Biotechnology and society
Patenting culture in science
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activities agreement agriculture animals appropriate benefits biodiversity biotechnology BRCA1 breeders Budapest Treaty cDNA cells collaboration collection commercial companies compensation concern conservation Convention cooperation CRADA crops databases developing countries developing nations discussed disease DNA sequences DTP/NCI economic encoding ethical European Patent Convention exploitation export federal filing foreign funds gene transfer genetic engineering genetic material genomic global human gene therapy impact India indigenous industry Institutes of Health intellectual property rights intellectual property systems invention involved IPR system issues laboratories licensing M.S. Swaminathan medicinal plants Merck micro-organisms National Cancer Institute organisms Parties patent application patent claim patent law patent protection patentable subject matter percent pharmaceutical plant species plant varieties population protein Recombinant DNA regulations Republic research and development role samples science and technology scientific scientists Source Country Government Swaminathan technology transfer therapeutic trade traditional knowledge transgenic U.S. Patent UPOV utility viral