Biological applications of photochemical switches
J. Wiley, Nov 8, 1993 - Science - 316 pages
Provides readers with a one-stop opportunity to become familiar with techniques that are still evolving in a wide array of applications. Reviews how light can be used to switch various biochemical reactions and phenomena on and off. Details the basic photochemistry that is used in these applications. Describes the methods in which the science has been utilized to modify membranes, transport ions, regulate enzymes and protect and deprotect nucleotides and neurotransmitters. Contains a wealth of illustrations.
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Chemistry of Photobiological Switches
Photochemistry and chemistry of reversible isomerizable compounds
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2-nitrobenzyl absorption aci-nitro active-site acylenzyme amines amino acid amphiphilic anion aqueous azobenzene bilayer binding Biochem Biochemistry biological biomaterial Biophys Ca2+ caged ATP caged compounds carboxylate chain chelators Chem chemical chemistry chromophore chymotrypsin concentration configuration covalently crown ether cyclic deacylation deprotection derivatives enzyme activity ester example excitation flash photolysis formation functionalities hydrolysis increase inhibition inhibitor intermediate irradiation isomer isomerization kinetics ligand light lipid mechanism membrane metal ions molecule Nerbonne neurotransmitters nucleotides Patchornik PEAA peptide permeability phase phosphate photobiological switches photochemical photochemistry Photochromism photocontrol photoinduced photoisomer photoisomerizable components photolabile photolysis photolyzed photopolymerization photoregulation photoremoval photosensitive photosensitive protecting groups photostimulated photoswitchable polymer polymerization protecting group protein proton quantum yield rate constant reaction release reversible Scheme sensitive serine proteinase Shinkai single-cycle solution solvent spiropyran strategy structure substituted substrate synthesis thermal thrombin Tirrell trans transport Trentham triplet vesicles wavelength