Biology of the Baltic Sea

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Springer Science & Business Media, Apr 30, 2004 - Science - 271 pages
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The present text compiles the latest research within the field of biology performed in the Baltic Sea area. The themes span from theoretical and philosophical aspects of the ecosystem concept over population and autecological studies to detailed descriptions of plant and animal physiology. Results from microcosm and mesocosm experiments as well as direct observations in field together bring insight of the special structure and function of the Baltic Sea ecosystem. How the spawning success of cod and spat are dependent of each other and environmental factors, the impact of alien species to the composition of plankton or benthic communities, the flip of phytobenthic to planktonic communities in lagoons and mechanisms triggering the change, pure descriptions of e.g. the Estonian coast and shallow off shore areas as well as strategies for the reproductive success of Fucus vesiculosus, and the influence of eutrophication of the different Baltic Sea areas and the fate of pollutants as radionucleids and PAH etc. and other themes are all discussed in the 24 original papers of this volume.
 

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Contents

ECOPHYSIOLOGY
13
TROPHIC INTERACTIONS
55
POPULATION STRUCTURE AND DYNAMICS
103
MODELLING
183
INVASIVE SPECIES
197
EUTROPHICATION
225
SOCIETY INFORMATION
269
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Page xvii - (b) Figure 3. Schematic representation of the major effects that autocatalysis exerts upon a system. (a) Original system configuration with numerous equiponderant interactions. (b) Same system after autocatalysis has pruned some interactions, strengthened others, and increased the overall level of system activity (indicated by the thickening of the arrows).
Page xvi - that such selection works on the processes or mechanisms as well as on the elements themselves. Hence, any effort to simulate development in terms of a fixed set of mechanisms is doomed ultimately to fail. It should be noted in particular that any change in B is likely to involve a change in the amounts of material and energy that flow
Page xvi - for example, element D is assumed to appear spontaneously in conjunction with A and C. If D is more sensitive to A and/or a better catalyst of C, then there is

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