Biology of the Ubiquitous House Sparrow: From Genes to Populations
After the chicken, the House Sparrow is the most widely distributed bird species in the world, occurring on all continents except Antarctica and on most human-inhabited islands. Although its Latin name is Passer domesticus, it is certainly not domesticated. In fact, it is widely regarded as a pest species and is consequently not protected in most of its extensive range. This combination of ubiquity and minimal legal protection has contributed to its wide use in studies by avian biologists throughout the world. The purpose of this book is to review and summarize the results of these global studies on House Sparrows, and to provide a springboard for future studies on the species. House Sparrows have been used to study natural selection in introduced species, circadian rhythms, and the neuroendocrine control of the avian annual cycle. One current question of considerable interest concerns the catastrophic House Sparrow population declines in several urban centers in Europe. Is the House Sparrow a contemporary canary in the mine? Other topics of broad interest include the reproductive and flock-foraging strategies of sparrows, and sexual selection and the function of the male badge in the species. Anderson also explores the role of the House Sparrow in disease transmission to humans and their domesticated animals.
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2 EVOLUTION AND GENETICS
3 ANNUAL CYCLE
4 BREEDING BIOLOGY AND REPRODUCTIVE STRATEGY
5 PLUMAGES AND MOLT
6 FORAGINE BEHAVIOR AND FOOD
7 SOCIAL BEHAVIOR AND VOCALIZATIONS
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activity adult average avian badge badge size Binkley birds body mass breeding season broods captured Chapter chirrup circadian circadian rhythm clutch concluded correlated corticosterone cycle Czech Republic decreased diet differences effect entrainment Europe experimental extra-pair feathers feeding first-year fledging flock foraging gland gonadal groups hatching hormones house finch house sparrow hypothalamus Il.a increased incubation individuals injection intestine Johnston Kendeigh length levels light lipid locomotor male sparrows mated melatonin Menaker metabolic Møller molt n.a. India nest sites nest-boxes nestling North America observed Passer domesticus passerines period phase response curve photoperiods pineal pineal gland pinealectomized Pinowski plumage Poland predation prolactin regression relationship reported rhythm roosting rows samples seeds Selander showed significant significantly Spain Spanish sparrow spar sparrow populations species studies subspecies suggested Summers-Smith 1963 temperature testes tion tree sparrow variation Veiga whereas wing winter zeitgeber
Page 4 - A species consists of a group of populations which replace each other geographically or ecologically and of which the neighboring ones intergrade or...
Page 534 - Walters. 1995. Single-locus DNA fingerprinting reveals that male reproductive success increases with age through extra-pair paternity in the house sparrow (Passer domesticus). Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B, Biological Sciences 260:91-98.
Page 503 - Antibody prevalence of St. Louis encephalitis virus in avian hosts in Los Angeles, California, 1986.
Page 465 - LV (2001) Testosterone influences basal metabolic rate in male house sparrows: a new cost of dominance signalling.
Page 534 - Blood parasites of birds of the District of Columbia and Patuxent research refuge vicinity.