Biomechanics and Biomaterials in Orthopedics

Front Cover
Dominique G. Poitout
Springer Science & Business Media, Jul 2, 2004 - Medical - 654 pages
Current clinical orthopedic practice requires practitioners to have extensive knowledge of a wide range of disciplines from molecular biology to bioengineering and from the application of new methods to the evaluation of outcome. The biomechanics of and biomaterials used in orthopedics have become increasingly important as the possibilities have increased to treat patients with foreign material introduced both as optimized osteosynthesis after trauma and as arthroplasties for joint diseases, sequelae of trauma or for tumor treatment. Furthermore, biomaterial substitutes are constantly being developed to replace missing tissue. Biomechanics and Biomaterials in Orthopedics provides an important update within this highly important field. Professor Dominique Poitout has collected a series of high-quality chapters by globally renowned researchers and clinicians. Under the auspices of the International Society of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology (SICOT) and International Society of Orthopaedic and Traumatology Research (SIROT), this book now provides permanent and specific access to the considerable international knowledge in the field of locomotor system trauma and disease treatment using the novel bioengineering solutions. This book covers both basic concepts concerning biomaterials and biomechanics as well as their clinical application and the experience from everyday practical use. This book will be of great value to specialists in orthopedics and traumatology, while also provide an important basis for graduate and postgraduate learning.
 

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Contents

Bone as Biomaterial
3
Biomaterials Used in Orthopedics
15
Bioceramics
22
Tissue Adhesives in Orthopedic Surgery
35
Bone Materials and Tissue Banks
54
Bone Banks Technical Aspects of the Preparation and Preservation of Articular Allografts
65
Clinical Applications of Bone Substitutes
76
Orthopedic Bone Cements
86
Fractures in Children
294
The Pediatric Hip
298
Custommade Hip Prostheses
309
The Megahip Prosthesis Surrounded by AllograftS
328
Malignant Bone Tumors From Ewings Sarcoma to Osteosarcoma
353
Long Bone Metastasis
362
Rebuilding and Prostheses in the Event of Periacetabular Tumors
374
The Biomechanics of the Glenohumeral Articulation and Implications for Prosthetic Design
387

Calcium Phosphates in Orthopedic Surgery
101
Cement with Antimitotics
111
Striated Muscles an Underestimated Natural Biomaterial Their Essential Contribution to Healing and Reconstruction of Bone Defects
119
Wound Healing Potential Therapeutic Modulation
126
Ceramic Coating
137
Ceramics in Orthopedics
143
Usual Mechanical Tests Mechanical Properties of the Fundamental Elemental Materials
159
Tribology of Endoprostheses
168
Shape Memory Alloys and their Medical Application
179
Normal Histologic Architecture of Tissue
189
Tissue Reactions to Products of Wear and Corrosion
197
The Influence of Hyperbaric Oxygen Treatment on Cell Multiplication
203
Rational Utilization of the Stress Shielding Effect of Implants
208
Cartilage Cells
219
Articular Cartilage Biomechanics Injury and Surgical Treatment of Defects
229
Massive Allografts in Hip Reconstructions
247
Deepfrozen Osteochondral Allografts
253
Biomechanics of the Spine During Growth
257
Biomechanics of the Growth Plate
282
Biomechanics and the Growth Plate
287
Biomechanics of the Wrist Joint
397
Spinal Instability and Imbalance Definition Clinical Manifestations and Biomechanics
405
Biomechanical Elements of the Scoliotic Spine
435
Pedicle Screw Fixation in Thoracic or Thoracolumbar Burst Fractures
440
Biomechanics of Posterior Spinal Instrumentation
462
Biomechanics of Sacral Fixation
492
Intervertebral Disk Prosthesis
503
Optimized Treatment of Hip Fractures
515
Normal and Prosthesic Hip Biomechanics
528
The Biomechanics of Ligaments
550
Knee Ligamentoplasty Prosthetic Ligament or Ligament Allograft?
564
Correlated Kinematic and Dynamic Studies of the Knee Joint During the Stance Phase of Gait Biomechanical Disturbances Introduced by a Knee Path...
570
Threedimensional Kinematic Assessment of Ligament Rupture and Surgery
585
Biomaterials for Total Joint Replacements
600
Growth Promoter General Principles and Experimental Studies on BMP
613
Reconstituted Bone Xenograft as a Novel Approach to Using Xenogeneic Bone
621
Biomaterials European Regulatory and Legal Aspects a Synthetic Approach
636
Index
641
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