Biomechanics of the Spine: Clinical and Surgical Perspective
Vijay K. Goel, James N. Weinstein
Taylor & Francis, 1990 - Medical - 295 pages
Chronic low-back pain is the focus of this book. Presented in a systematic manner, this work reviews epidemiological studies which have shown that various mechanical factors play a significant role in the onset of chronic low-back pain. To provide you with a better understanding of the information in these chapters, ample illustrations and tables are included. At the end of each chapter, the reader is directed to even further in-depth information. It is the intent of the authors that this writing will promote further biomechanical research. Written in an instructional format, this text is ideal for training bioengineering and medical students. This volume is also of practical value to practicing surgeons and scientists who are interested in seeking solutions to the low-back pain problem.
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abdominal Adapted from Goel annulus applied axial compressive axial load Biomech biomechanical bone graft Bone Jt cancellous bone clinical column components compressive load critical load cyclic decrease deformation disc bulge discectomy displacement effect end-plate erector spinae experimental extension extensor facet joint failure fascia fibers finite element fixation flexion force fractures function fusion Harrington distraction herniation increase injury intact interspinous ligaments intervertebral disc intraabdominal pressure intradiscal pressure lamina laminectomy lateral bending ligamentum flavum load types longitudinal ligament low back pain lumbar spine lumborum lumbosacral Luque magnitude mechanical Milwaukee brace motion segment muscles musculature Nachemson nerve root Nishiyama normal orthosis Panjabi patients pedicle posterior elements posture preload region response rods scoliosis shear shown in Figure specimen spinal elements spinous processes spondylolisthesis stability stiffness stress structures supraspinous ligament Surg surgical technique testing thoracic curve thoracolumbar three-dimensional tissue TLSO torsion vertebral body vibration vivo Weinstein