Biomedicine and Alternative Healing Systems in America: Issues of Class, Race, Ethnicity, and Gender

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Univ of Wisconsin Press, 2001 - Medical - 222 pages
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Examining medical pluralism in the United States from the Revolutionary War period through the end of the twentieth century, Hans Baer brings together in one convenient reference a vast array of information on healing systems as diverse as Christian Science, osteopathy, acupuncture, evangelical faith healing, Santeria, southern Appalachian herbalism, and Navajo healing. In a country where the dominant paradigm of biomedicine (medical schools, research hospitals, clinics staffed by M.D.s and R.N.s) has been long established and supported by laws and regulations, the continuing appeal of other medical systems and subsystems bears careful consideration. Distinctions of class, Baer emphasizes, as well as differences in race, ethnicity, and gender, are fundamental to the diversity of beliefs, techniques, and social organizations represented in the phenomenon of medical pluralism. Baer traces the simultaneous emergence in the nineteenth century of formalized biomedicine and of homeopathy, botanic medicine, hydropathy, Christian Science, osteopathy, and chiropractic. He examines present-day osteopathic medicine as a system parallel to biomedicine; chiropractic, naturopathy, and acupunctur
 

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Livre clé sur le pluralisme médical

Contents

The Rise of the American Dominative Medical System under
31
Osteopathic Medicine as a Parallel Medical System
50
Chiropractic as the Foremost Professionalized Heterodox
67
Naturopathy and Acupuncture as Secondary Professionalized
85
Partially Professionalized and Lay Heterodox Medical Systems
103
AngloAmerican Religious and Metaphysical Healing Systems
121
Folk Medical Systems in a Culturally Diverse Society
144
Conclusion
179
Bibliography
193
Index
217
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About the author (2001)

Hans A. Baer is professor of anthropology at the University of Arkansas at Little Rock. Has has published nine books.

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