Biometric Authentication: First International Conference, ICBA 2004, Hong Kong, China, July 15-17, 2004, Proceedings, Volume 1

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Springer Science & Business Media, 2004 - Business & Economics - 800 pages
The past decade has seen a rapid growth in the demand for biometric-based - thentication solutions for a number of applications. With signi?cant advances in biometrictechnologyandanincreaseinthenumberofapplicationsincorporating biometrics, it is essential that we bring together researchers from academia and industry as well as practitioners to share ideas, problems and solutions for the development and successful deployment of state-of-the-art biometric systems. The InternationalConference onBiometric Authentication (ICBA 2004)was the ?rst major gathering in the Asia-Paci?c region devoted to facilitating this interaction. We are pleased that this conference attracted a large number of high-quality research papers that will bene't the international biometrics - search community. After a careful review of 157 submissions, 101 papers were acceptedeitherasoral(35)orposter(66)presentations.Inadditiontothesete- nical presentations, this conference also presented the results and summaries of threebiometric competitions: FingerprintVeri?cationCompetition (FVC 2004), Face Authentication Competition (FAC 2004), and Signature Veri?cation C- petition (SVC 2004). This conference provided a forum for the practitioners to discuss their practical experiences in applying the state-of-the-art biometric technologies which will further stimulate research in biometrics. We aregrateful to Jim L. Wayman, Edwin Rood, Raymond Wong, Jonathon Philips, andFrancisHoforacceptingourinvitationtogivekeynotetalksatICBA 2004. In addition, we would like to express our gratitude to all the contributors, reviewers, program committee and organizing committee members who made this a very successful conference. We also wish to acknowledge the Croucher Foundation, the International Association of Pattern Recognition, IEEE Hong Kong Section, the Hong Kong Polytechnic University, the National Natural S- ence Foundation in China, and Springer-Verlag for sponsoring this conference.
 

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Contents

Third Fingerprint Verification Competition
1
Face Authentication Competition on the BANCA Database
8
First International Signature Verification Competition
16
Watch List Face Surveillance Using Transductive Inference
23
Matching 25D Scans for Face Recognition
30
Constructing SVM Multiple Tree for Face Membership Authentication
37
A Combination of Shape and Texture Classifiers for a Face Verification System
44
Enhance the Alignment Accuracy of Active Shape Models Using Elastic Graph Matching
52
Fast Separable Gabor Filter for Fingerprint Enhancement
403
A RealTime Focusing Algorithm for Iris Recognition Camera
410
Improving Iris Recognition Accuracy via Cascaded Classifiers
418
Iris Recognition for PalmTop Application
426
Using Multimatching System Based on a Simplified Deformable Model of the Human Iris for Iris Recognition
434
An Iris Recognition Algorithm Using Local Extreme Points
442
Multiunit Iris Recognition System by Image Check Algorithm
450
Iris Based Human Verification Algorithms
458

Reconstruction of HighResolution Facial Image Using Recursive Error BackProjection
59
Biometrics of Asymmetrical Face
67
Face Authentication from Cell Phone Camera Images with Illumination and Temporal Variations
74
Facial Expression Recognition Based on Dimension Model of Emotion with Autonomously Extracted Sparse Representations
81
Hallucinating Face by Eigentransformation with Distortion Reduction
88
An Optimal Subspace Analysis for Face Recognition
95
A StilltoVideo Face Verification System Using Advanced Correlation Filters
102
What Can I Tell from Your Face?
109
An Integrated Dual Factor Authenticator Based on the Face Data and Tokenised Random Number
117
A New Enhanced Nearest Feature Space ENFS Classifier for Gabor Wavelets FeaturesBased Face Recognition
124
A TwoStage Dimensional Reduction Approach to LowDimensional Representation of Facial Images
131
Face Recognition with 3D ModelBased Synthesis
139
ICA Based Face Recognition Robust to Partial Occlusions and Local Distortions
147
OnePass Incremental Membership Authentication by Face Classification
155
Face Recognition Using Asymmetric Faces
162
Performance versus Computational Complexity TradeOff in Face Verification
169
An Application of Fractal ImageSet Coding in Facial Recognition
178
Corrupted Face Image Authentication Based on Noise Model
187
EigenspaceBased Face Hashing
195
Point to Point Calibration Method of Structured Light for Facial Data Reconstruction
200
Extraction of Glasses in Human Face Images
214
Ant Colony Optimization for Feature Selection in Face Recognition
221
Face Recognition from Color Images in Presence of Dynamic Orientations and Illumination Conditions
227
Dynamic Local Feature Analysis for Face Recognition
234
A Fingerprint Matching Using Minutiae Triangulation
241
Estimating Fingerprint Deformation
249
Comparison of Classification Methods for TimeSeries Detection of Perspiration as a Liveness Test in Fingerprint Devices
256
On Optimal Estimate of Directional Maps for Fingerprint Images
264
Fingerprint Reference Point Detection
272
Direct GrayScale Minutiae Extraction
280
Improving Fingerprint Recognition Based on Crease Detection
287
ImageBased Approach to Fingerprint Acceptability Assessment
294
Reducing Silicon Fingerprint Sensor Area
301
Externalized Fingerprint Matching
309
Algorithm Based on the Support Model
316
An Approach Based on Singularities and Analysis of Fingerprint Structure
324
Characteristics of the Identification Algorithm Using a Matching Score Matrix
330
Fingerprint Matching Integrating the Global Orientation Field with Minutia
337
A Systematic Approach for Feature Extraction in Fingerprint Images
344
Fingerprint Minutiae Matching with Orientation and Ridge
351
A Hierarchy Approach for Singular Point Detection in Fingerprint Images
359
Compensatory Algorithm for Fingerprint Recognition
366
A Hierarchical Hough Transform for Fingerprint Matching
373
Fingerprint Alignment Using Line Segments
380
Private Fingerprint Verification without Local Storage
387
Multiunit Biometric Fusion in Fingerprint Verification
395
Individual Recognition Based on Human Iris Using Fractal Dimension Approach
467
Iris Recognition in Wearable Computer
475
Iris Recognition Based on Location of Key Points
484
Iris Identification Using Wavelet Packet for Images in Visible Light Illumination
491
Target Dependent Score Normalization Techniques and Their Application to Signature Verification
498
A Multimodal Approach
505
Writer Identification Using Dynamic Features
512
Searching for an Optimal Reference System for OnLine Signature Verification Based on x y Alignment
519
Reduction of Feature Statistics Estimation Error for Small Training Sample Size in OffLine Signature Verification
526
Biometric Personal Authentication Based on Handwritten Signals
533
OnLine Signature Verification Based on PCA Principal Component Analysis and MCA Minor Component Analysis
540
Biometric User Authentication on Smart Cards by Means of Handwritten Signatures
547
Writer Identification Method Based on Forensic Knowledge
555
A WindowBased Hybrid Signature Verification System
562
OnLine Signature Verification by Explicit Solution to the Point Correspondence Problem
569
New Features for Authentication by OnLine Handwritten Signatures
577
OnLine Signature Verification Based on Discrete Wavelet Domain Adaptive Signal Processing
584
Speaker Modeling with Various Speech Representations
592
Using Otoacoustic Emissions as a Biometric
600
A Pruning Approach for GMMBased Speaker Verification in Mobile Embedded Systems
607
Speaker Identification Using Higher Order Spectral Phase Features and their Effectiveness visavis MelCepstral Features
614
High Performance Speaker Verification System Based on Multilayer Perceptrons and RealTime Enrollment
623
Spectral Subband Centroids as Complementary Features for Speaker Authentication
631
Maximum Likelihood and Maximum a Posteriori Adaptation for Distributed Speaker Recognition Systems
640
Fuzzy Normalisation Methods for Pattern Verification
648
A Hyperbolic Function Model for Multiple Biometrics Decision Fusion
655
Combining Fingerprint and Voiceprint Biometrics for Identity Verification an Experimental Comparison
663
An Evolutionary Algorithm Based Approach for Dynamic Thresholding in Multimodal Biometrics
671
Fusion of Auxiliary Information for Multimodal Biometrics Authentication
678
Decision Fusion for Face Authentication
686
User Authentication through Typing Biometrics Features
694
A Novel Biometric Fusion Strategy
701
Biometric User Authentication for Heightened Information Security
708
An Evaluation Tool for Biometric Algorithms
716
Application of Multicriteria Analysis for the Creation of a Risk Assessment Knowledgebase for Biometric Systems
724
Soft Biometric Traits for Personal Recognition Systems
731
A New Approach to Personal Identification in Large Databases by Hierarchical Palmprint Coding with Multifeatures
739
Watermarking of MPEG4 Videos
746
Hand Recognition Using Geometric Classifiers
753
FeatureLevel Fusion for Effective Palmprint Authentication
761
A Palmprint Acquisition Device with TimeSharing Light Source Used in Personal Verification
768
HMMs Based Palmprint Identification
775
Fusion of Palmprint Representations
782
Towards an Automated Dental Identification System ADIS
789
Author Index
797
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