Bionomics and control of the white oak borer
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station, 1984 - Nature - 5 pages
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4-year life cycle active attack alba in Ohio attacks by diameter bark layer bark scars Beal Bionomics black walnut Blatchley 1910 borer attacks bottomland stands brood trees caged on Q cambium carpenterworms characteristic of G chestnut oak circular exit hole class and stem cm dbh cm in diameter crop trees D. E. Donley diameter class Dillon and Dillon elongate Entomologist entrance holes Excelsior-like extruded females frass fresh egg niches Goes tigrinus Gosling and Gosling growing on poor host including white oak infested trees insect J. D. Solomon Knull Larval galleries Louisiana lyrata Walt mandibles Mississippi Newly hatched larvae northern range overcup oak oviposition percent point of attack preferred stem diameter pupa red maple Sap-out mortality sapwood Seasonal Histories shagbark hickory signs of infestation sleeve-type Solomon and Morris Southern Hardwood stand of Q stem height tunnel directly upland stand USDA vertically white oak borer white oak group WOB attack woodpecker predation