Biophysics of the Surface Microlayer of Aquatic Ecosystems
Biophysics of the Surface Microlayer of Aquatic Ecosystems introduces the concept of the surface film, or microlayer, of natural water bodies as a specific biophysical environment. The book investigates the hydrophysics, physical chemistry, hydrochemistry and hydrobiology of the surface microlayer in detail. Biophysics of the Surface Microlayer of Aquatic Ecosystems fills the existing gaps in the literature that exist between studies of the surface film by hydrophysicists, hydrochemists and hydrobiologists, by introducing essential physical surface film phenomena to biologists, and biological surface film phenomena to physicists. This book is thus a valuable and unique reference work for oceanologists and limnologists around the world. Contents Introduction: Surface films and microlayers Thermophysics of the surface film of water Aeration through the surface film Films of surfactants at the water surface Hydrochemistry of the surface microlayer of natural water bodies Neustonology Conclusion
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adsorption air-water aquatic ecosystems bacteria benthoneuston biomass boundary layer Brekhovskih bubbles capillary waves chemical species coefficient cold film comparatively composition compression concentration decreased density direct counts dissolved organic ecological enrichment factor Equation euneuston evaporation fatty acids Figure film model film of water flotation flux freshwater zooneuston Gladyshev glass plate Hardy heat Hermansson heterotrophic higher Hunter and Liss hydrophobic hyponeuston increase inhabit interface Kjelleberg laboratory lakes laminar layer lipids Maki marine measurements methods microalgae mN/m molecular diffusion molecules monolayer natural water bodies neuston Norkrans Ocean particulate particulate organic matter photosynthesis phytoplankton plankton plate counts polluted primarily radiometer range mean rotating drum Savenko screen slicks Sodergren 1987 subsurface water surface film surface film temperature surface microlayer surface pressure surface temperature surface tension surface tension film surfactant Table tension film thermal thickness values warm film water surface water temperature wind speed Zaitsev zooneuston