Biotechnology: The University-industrial Complex

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Yale University Press, 1988 - Business & Economics - 306 pages
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In the first serious history of the biotechnology industry, Martin Kenney examines its growth and structure, describes the role of university departments of basic and applied biology, and shows how the relationship undermines the educational role of the university.
"Kenney's work is the first major effort to provide a detailed analysis of the birth of the new industrial field of biotechnology and its impact on universities. . . . Kenney's book abounds in rich description and valuable conjectures. It also provides important insights into the structural and institutional aspects of the biotechnological revolution. It is informed by an extensive literature including reports form the financial community, university-industry contracts, trade journals, personal interviews, and company prospectuses."--Sheldon Krimsky, American Scientist
"A fine description of a vital new field. It deserves wide readership."--David Silbert and Duncan Newhauser, New England Journal of Medicine
"The author raises important questions about whether the character of this university-industrial complex adequately allows for the kind of public discussion and participation necessary to insure consideration of social, economic, and moral issues in the development of this important new technology."--Harvard Educational Review
"Bears upon questions of fundamental importance to science, academia, and society and provides valuable documentation of the magnitude of the actions already taken and the multitude of participants involved."--Robert L. Sinsheimer, Nature
 

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Biotechnology: the university-industrial complex

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Kenney describes the birth of the biotechnology industry within American universities and traces the evolution of the current university-industry relationship. He describes the conflicts inherent in ... Read full review

Contents

Introduction
1
The University and the Corporation
28
LongTerm Research Contracts
55
Chaos and OpportunityThe Universities Respond
73
Professors as Entrepreneurs
90
Social Relationships within the University
107
Venture Capital Startups
132
Startups Doctoral Level Nondoctoral and Total
148
The Internal Relationships of Startup Companies
176
The Multinational Corporations and Biotechnology
190
Agriculture and Biotechnology
217
Epilogue Thoughts on an Industrys Birth
239
Biotechnology Briefly Explained
249
References
261
Index
295
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