Julie L. Lockwood, Michael L. McKinney
Springer Science & Business Media, May 31, 2001 - Nature - 289 pages
Biological homogenization is the dominant process shaping the future global biosphere. As global transportation becomes faster and more frequent, it is inevitable that biotic intermixing will increase. Unique local biotas will become extinct only to be replaced by already widespread biotas that can tolerate human activities. This process is affecting all aspects of our world: language, economies, and ecosystems alike. The ultimate outcome is the loss of uniqueness and the growth of uniformity. In this way, fast food restaurants exist in Moscow and Java Sparrows breed on Hawaii.
Biological homogenization qualifies as a global environmental catastrophe. The Earth has never witnessed such a broad and complete reorganization of species distributions.
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abundance alien species analysis Anseriformes anthropogenic aquatic areas Asteraceae avian biodiversity biological control Biological Invasions biome biotic homogenization bird species butterflies California climate change Coleoptera common Conservation Biology correlation density Diptera distribution diversity ecological ecoregions ecosystems endemic European Starlings evolutionary exotic extinction risk extinction-risk factors families farmlands Figure fish fauna forest edge fraction of species Gaston genera geographic range global grassland habitat habitat loss historic human Hymenoptera increase introduced species invaders invasive species islands landscape Lepidoptera Lockwood Lomolino Macroecology mammals Maurer McKinney mobile species mussels native species native-alien hybrids natural North America number of species open woodland patterns phylogenetic phylogeny Pimm plants Pleistocene Poaceae pollen population population density predict range shift range sizes rarity rates regions River savanna scrub second growth sessile species similar sister taxa speciation species lost species richness taxa taxonomic selectivity temperature Tennessee threatened species towns unsuccessfully introduced urban gradient watersheds zoogeographic provinces