Biotic Response to Global Change: The Last 145 Million Years

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Stephen J. Culver, Peter F. Rawson
Cambridge University Press, Jul 24, 2000 - Science
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Concern about the effects of global change on our planet's future has driven much research into the last few thousand years of earth history. In contrast, this volume takes a much longer viewpoint to provide a historical perspective to recent and future global change. Over 40 international specialists investigate the reaction of life to global environmental changes, from Cretaceous times to the turn of the century. During this time earth's climate has changed from a very warm, 'greenhouse' phase with no significant ice sheets to today's 'ice-house' world. A wide spectrum of animal, plant and protistan life is discussed, encompassing terrestrial, shallow-marine and deep-marine realms. Each chapter considers a particular taxonomic group, looking first at the general picture and then focusing on more specialized aspects such as extinctions, diversity and biogeography. This volume will form an invaluable reference for researchers and graduate students in paleontology, geology, biology, oceanography and climatology.
 

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Contents

1 Introduction
1
2 The Cretaceous world
4
3 The Cenozoic world
20
4 Calcareous nannoplankton and global climate change
35
5 Phenotypic response of foraminifera to episodes of global environmental change
51
6 The response of planktonic foraminifera to the Late Pliocene intensification of Northern Hemisphere glaciation
79
7 The response of Cretaceous cephalopods to global change
97
the relevance of systematics
107
16 Cenozoic evolution of modern plant communities and vegetation
223
17 Leaf physiognomy and climate change
244
a case study from the Upper Thames Valley England
265
19 The Cretaceous and Cenozoic record of insects Hexapoda with regard to global change
288
familiar species in very unfamiliar circumstances
303
a biogeographical review
316
crises and ecological change
333
23 Response of Old World terrestrial vertebrate biotas to Neogene climate change
350

9 Response of shallow water foraminiferal palaeocommunities to global and regional environmental change
122
10 Intrinsic and extrinsic controls on the diversification of the Bivalvia
135
11 Global events and biotic interaction as controls on the evolution of gastropods
149
Lazarus corals across the KT boundary
164
13 Changes in the diversity taxic composition and lifehistory patterns of echinoids over the past 145 million years
181
14 Origin of the modern bryozoan fauna
195
15 Angiosperm diversification and Cretaceous environmental change
207
24 Mammalian response to global change in the later Quaternary of the British lsles
367
how an African primate became global
379
a summary
391
References
399
Index
474
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