Bird communities of Gambel Oak: a descriptive analysis
Andreas Leidolf, Michael L. Wolfe, Rosemary Laycock Pendleton, Rocky Mountain Research Station (Fort Collins, Colo.)
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, 2000 - Nature - 30 pages
Gambel oak (Quercus gambelii Nutt.) covers 3.75 million hectares (9.3 million acres) of the western United States. This report synthesizes current knowledge on the composition, structure, and habitat relationships of gambel oak avian communities. It lists life history attributes of 183 bird species documented from gambel oak habitats of the western United States. Structural habitat attributes important to bird-habitat relationships are identified, based on 12 independent studies. This report also highlights species of special concern, provides recommendations for monitoring, and gives suggestions for management and future research.
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Band-tailed pigeon bird species Black-headed grosbeak Black-throated gray warbler Blue grouse Broad-tailed hummingbird Clary and Tiedemann CM CM CM Common poorwill Cordilleran flycatcher Dusky flycatcher Ecology Ferruginous hawk FG cu SH/TR FG SH/TR FG Flammulated owl Foraging Forest Service gambel oak gambel oak habitat gambel oak Quercus gambel oak vegetation gambel oak woodlands GG cu GR GG GR GG GG N/A GR GR GG GR GR GG N/A GR SW Grace's warbler Gray flycatcher Green-tailed towhee Ground Ground GV GV GV Hayward Lazuli bunting MacGillivray's warbler migrants Mountain N/A GR GG Northern oak Quercus gambelii oak vegetation type Plumbeous vireo Prairie falcon Quercus gambelii Quercus gambelii Nutt Red-naped sapsucker Research Station SH/TR FG SH/TR Shrub Shrub spotted towhee Tech TR CU AIR TR TR TR U.S. Department Virginia's warbler western scrub-jay Wildlife Williamson's sapsucker woodpecker