Birth, Distress and Disease: Placental-Brain Interactions

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Michael L. Power, Jay Schulkin
Cambridge University Press, Jul 28, 2005 - Medical - 279 pages
This volume examines the role of steroids and peptides in the regulation of pregnancy and pregnancy outcome, as well as their long-term effects. During pregnancy the placenta acts as a central regulator and coordinator of maternal and fetal physiology, and at the onset of labor, through its production and regulation of steroids and peptides. Perturbations to this regulatory system can result in poor pregnancy outcome, such as preterm birth and low birth weight. The induction and suppression of peptides by steroids appears to be key to regulatory function in both brain and placenta.
 

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Contents

Placental expression of neurohormones and other neuroactive molecules
16
The regulation of human parturition
74
Maternal nutrition and metabolic control of pregnancy
88
Fetal HPA activation preterm birth and postnatal programming
114
Prenatal glucocorticoids and the programming of adult disease
142
Prenatal stress and stress physiology influences human fetal
183
Glucocorticoids and the ups and downs of neuropeptide gene expression
202
Glucocorticoid facilitation of corticotropinreleasing hormone in
235
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