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Setting and basic facts
Linguistic change before independence
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19th century affricates Afrikaans attitudes Bakalanga Bakwena Bangwaketse Bangwato Bantu languages Basotho changes in capacity Chapter clearly Cole colonial colour consonants cultural dictionaries discussed early English European languages example exist fact feature form of speech fricative Gaborone guage Ikalanga important independence indigenous influence interesting interviewees kgotla labialisation language change language name language planning large number later lekgotla lephata lexical linguistic change linguistic system loan translations loanwords London Missionary Society mainly means metalinguistic change missionaries national language norm noun class official orthography period phonemes phonological political prefix present Botswana proper Setswana Radio Botswana reason seems Sekwena semantic Sepedi Sesotho Setlhaping Setswana language situation social society sociolinguistic South Africa southern dialects speakers speech form spelling spoken standard Setswana tautona teachers tion town traditional Tswana urban usage users verb village vocabulary vowel words writing written language