Bits, Bytes, and Binyanim: A Quantitative Study of Verbal Lexem Formations in the Hebrew Bible
This study offers a new approach to one of the central elements of Hebrew and Semitic grammar, viz. the binyanim or conjugations. Using various quantitative methods, the book analyzes the complete verbal vocabulary of the Hebrew Bible as contained in the machine-readable text developed at the Werkgroep Informatica (Department of Biblical Studies, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam) focusing on morphological characteristics as well as on some basic semantic and syntactic features. It is argued, i.a., that the Qal should be regarded as the default binyan of the Hebrew Bible, and that the Pi` `el acts to some extent as a rival to the Qal. Among the features discussed, it is transitivity which emerges as the most important one. The author (1959) reads theology at the University of Amsterdam, specializing in Old Testament studies and Biblical Hebrew. After his 1990 Leiden PhD on a linguistic comparison of the books of Samuel, Kings, and Chronicles, he joined the Werkgroep Informatica in 1992.
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List of Figures
A Catalogue of Binyanim in the Hebrew Bible
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Agentivity and Transitivity ajcv Aktionsart all-positive analysis attested binyan Combinations of values configuration corpus correlation couples of binyanim Creason CV tier defined dynamic lexemes Dynamicity and Telicity expected number Figure four features function geminate roots graph hapax legomena Hebrew Bible Hifil Hitpa'lel Hitpa"el Hitpalpal Hitpo'el Hofal hollow roots inF ABS inflectional isoradical lexemes isovalid language larger binyanim lexeme formation lexicon lKgs morphological Nipa"el non-agentive non-positive number of hapax number of lexemes number of roots number of tokens number of types observed occur Pa'lel particular Passive Qal Pi"el Po'el Poisson distribution proportion of dynamic Pu"al Qal Nifal Qal Pi Qal verbs Qal-Nifal Qal-Passive Qal Qal-Pi"el Qal-Pu"al Qur'an relation root categories root combining root consonants score Section semantic Semitic languages situation specific standard deviations statistical Table term Tifal token frequencies total number triliteral verbal lexemes verbal vocabulary vowel wit-bhs
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Limited preview - 2005