Black Child, White Child: The Development of Racial Attitudes

Front Cover
Harvard University Press, 1971 - Psychology - 278 pages
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'I don't like colored people.' 'He's lazy because he's colored.' Similar attitudes have too many echoes in American society. What distinguishes these particular comments is that they were made by preschool-age children, the former by a five-year-old white, the latter by a four-year-old black. The general public might be amazed to find that statements of this type were made by such young children, yet it is now widely accepted by social scientists that racial attitudes are learned during preschool years.
 

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Contents

Mechanisms of Racial Attitude Transmission
9
Review of Other Studies
22
Methods of Inquiry
43
Equipment for the TVStory Game
48
How the Results Were Analyzed
56
Description of Schools and Children in the Sample
57
Sample by Age Race Class and Sex
60
Summary of Sample Size
61
Ownrace preference by color and contact for Negroes
105
SelfIdentification Means Analysis of Variance by Sex Class Race and Age
116
SelfIdentification Means Analysis of Variance by Race Attitudes and Terms
120
Selfidentification by ownrace preference and term knowledge
122
Racial SelfConcept and Social Class
124
Selfidentification by race and sex controlling for age and class
134
Percent of Children of Each Race for Whom Dress and Sex Were More Salient Than Color
136
Conclusion
138

Attitude Means Analysis of Variance by Sex Class Race and Age
64
Types of Comments Made by Percent of Children Speaking
66
Color Salience MeansAnalysis of Variance by Sex Class Race and Age
70
Influence of Age on Doll Selection
74
Color Match Index Analysis of Variance by Sex Class Race and Age
75
Color Terms IndexAnalysis of Variance by Sex Class Race and Age 77
78
White preference color match and color terms by age controlling for race sex and class
80
Responses to Negro Doll by Children Choosing White Doll to Invite Home to Lunch
81
Percent of Negroes by Age Who Made Racial Comments
83
Effect of Social Class on Development of Racial Attitudes
87
Ownrace preference by class for Negroes controlling for age and sex
90
Black childrens ownrace preference by census categories
92
Color Match Analysis of Variance by Race Class and Contact
95
White Attitudes Analysis of Variance by Class Contact and Sex
100
Effect of Contact and Shade of Skin Color on Racial Attitude
101
Attitudes Analysis of Variance by Color Class and Contact for Negroes
102
Differences in Personal Efficacy and Physical Harm Story Theme by Race
149
SelfEsteem by Social Class for Whites and Blacks on SelfPortraits
150
Rachel white middle class
152
Eugene Negro ADC
153
David white ADC
154
Robbin Negro working class
155
Frank white working class
158
Actual Playmate Choice in a Desegregated Setting
162
Effects of Prejudice on Personality
175
Personal identity group identity and social class
191
Implications for Research
194
Implications for Public Policy
210
Coding Scheme for Comments and Free Play
223
Bibliography
265
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