Black Haze: Violence, Sacrifice, and Manhood in Black Greek-Letter Fraternities
The first book solely devoted to the subject of black fraternity hazing.As a fraternity member, past chapter president, and former national committee representative, Ricky L. Jones is uniquely qualified to write about the sometimes deadly world of black fraternity hazing. Examining five major black Greek-letter fraternities, Jones maintains that hazing rituals within these fraternities are more deeply ingrained, physically violent, and imbued with meaning to their participants than the initiation rites of other ethnic groups.
Because they do not see themselves as having the same political, social, and economic opportunities as other members of society, black fraternities and their members have come to see the ability to withstand physical abuse as the key ingredient in building and defining manhood. According to Jones, hazing in black fraternities is a modern manifestation of sacrificial ritual violence that has existed since ancient times, and the participants view such rituals as an important tool in the construction of individual and collective black male identity.
“…provides valuable insights into the reasoning behind hazing, a practice that extends into the realms of sports and even high school, and is relevant for not only fraternity members and officials, but the general public as well.” — The Griot
“…an important contribution … because of the skillful manner in which Jones incorporates and critically analyzes relevant literature and other related scholarly writings … Jones, himself a member of Kappa Alpha Psi, offers personal observations as well as first-hand views and perceptions of hazing.” — Journal of College Student Development
"In Black Haze, Ricky L. Jones skillfully analyzes the culture of pledging and hazing within the ranks of black Greek-letter organizations. Too often, the leaders of these fraternal organizations have tried to prevent the destructive hazing behavior of their members without adequately researching the origins and the systemic reasons for the behavior in the first place. Jones's new research will not only illuminate the subject in the eyes of national fraternal leaders, but will also be a clarion call for action on the ordinary fraternity and sorority member level. For this, Jones's work is invaluable and I highly recommend it." — Lawrence C. Ross Jr., author of The Divine Nine: The History of African American Fraternities and Sororities
"Ricky L. Jones does a masterful job in identifying the reasons behind the seemingly unstopped cycle of violence in black fraternities. It is my hope and prayer that fraternity leaders and campus administrators will read Black Haze to begin a meaningful process to face this challenge." — Walter M. Kimbrough, author of Black Greek 101: The Culture, Customs, and Challenges of Black Fraternities and Sororities
"Black Haze is at once a work of scholarship and a book of practical use for all who work with fraternities and sororities. Jones's research is impeccable, his theories are sound, and his ideas are enlightening. Black Haze is a brilliant and most compelling reading experience." — Hank Nuwer, author of Wrongs of Passage: Fraternities, Sororities, Hazing, and Binge Drinking
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1 The Problem at Hand
2 Old Problem New Approach
3 The History of Black GreekLetter Fraternities
4 The Pledge Process as Sacrifice
5 The Hegemonic Struggle and Domination in Black GreekLetter Fraternities
6 Acceptance Freedom and Identity Construction in Black GreekLetter Fraternities
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accepted activities affective epidemics African Americans akrasia Alpha Phi Alpha beaten become behavior BGF members BGF pledge process black fraternities BLACK GREEK-LETTER FRATERNITIES black Greeks black male campus chapter concerned construct culture death domination economic engagement exists fact frat fraternities and sororities fraternity brothers fraternity members gangs Georgia graduate Grossberg groups Habermas hazing in BGFs hegemony historical Ibid individual initiation ritual interaction involved Iota Phi Theta issues join Kappa Alpha Psi manhood Maulana Karenga membership men’s Michael Davis military modern narrative Negro neophyte NPHC Nuwer Omega Psi Phi one’s organizations paddle Phi Beta Sigma physical hazing pledge process pledging and hazing Polemarch political popular conservative practices problems question reality rites of passage ruling bloc Saafir sacrificial ritual second-order social sociopolitical structures struggle symbolic journey ternity tion traditional University violent hazing volitions WGFs white Greeks York