Black Holes and the Universe
Igor Novikov has been hailed as "Russia's answer to Stephen Hawking." In this popular account of the cosmic importance of black holes, he explores the properties and significance of these mysterious phenomena, which represent the most condensed state of matter in the Universe. Black holes are formed by the force of gravity, warping space and time, crushing stars and perhaps galaxies, too, until they fall in on themselves. Novikov's fascinating account illuminates this most enigmatic feature of our Universe with exemplary clarity, illustrated with a series of inspired cartoon drawings.
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What is a black hole?
Around a black hole
Celestial mechanics of black holes
Black holes and light
Gravitational vortex around a black hole
A gravitational abyss as an energy source
The future of the expanding Universe
The problem of dark matter
The hot Universe
Cold or hot beginning?
How the microwave background radiation was discovered
Why had the discovery of microwave background not happened earlier?
Over the brink of the gravitational abyss
Nothing can be simpler nor more complex than a black hole
The search for black holes
How to search for black holes
Has a black hole been identified?
Giant black holes
Black holes and quanta
Black holes explode
To the bounds of infinity
The Universe after the explosion
Measurement scale and other tools of astronomers
The Universe has to evolve
The discovery of the expansion of the Universe
Is the Universe indeed expanding?
Mechanics of the Universe
The gravitation of empty space
Voyage to the remote past
The first five minutes
How much helium is there in the Universe?
Three hundred thousand years of the photon plasma era ami the current epoch
Neutrino Universe or ino Universe?
The properties of the Universe
Neutrinos in the Universe
The neutrino Universe
The origin of galaxies
Realities and science fiction
At the frontiers of the known
On the wings of time
References and further reading
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antenna antiparticles astronomers astrophysicists astrophysics atoms Big Bang billion binary blobs brightness calculations celestial bodies cepheids clusters of galaxies compression contraction cosmic microwave background cosmological constant created critical value decay detected discovered discovery distance Earth Einstein's theory electromagnetic waves electrons emitted energy epoch equal ergosphere escape velocity evolution expanding Universe expansion fall false vacuum finite fraction galactic gravitational field gravitational forces gravitational radius gravitational waves greater helium Hence horizon hot Universe hydrogen infinite infinity interaction intergalactic interstellar invisible later luminosity massive mean density measurements motion move neutrino mass neutron stars nuclear reactions nuclei orbit ordinary matter Penzias photons physical physicists planets plasma positrons possible prediction problem processes properties quantum quasars radiation background reader red shift repulsive forces result rocket rotating black hole Schwarzschild sphere singularity solar masses space spherical stellar strong gravitational field surface temperature theorists tidal forces velocity of light X-ray
Page 1 - Of all the conceptions of the human mind from unicorns to gargoyles to the hydrogen bomb perhaps the most fantastic is the black hole: a hole in space with a definite edge over which anything can fall and nothing can escape; a hole with a gravitational field so strong that even light is caught and held in its grip; a hole that curves space and warps time.