Blacks in the Army Air Forces During World War II: The Problems of Race Relations
This book is based upon a PH. D dissertation written by an Air Force officer who studied at the University of Denver. Currently an Associate Professor of History at the Air Force Academy, Major Osur's account relates how the leadership in the War Department and the U.S. Army Air Forces (USAAF) tried to deal with the problem of race and the prejudices which were reflected in the bulk of American society. It tells a story of black racial protests and riots which such attitudes and discrimination provoked. The author describes many of the discriminatory actions taken against black airmen, whose goal was equality of treatment and opportunities as American citizens. He also describes the role of black pilots as they fought in the Mediterranean theater of operations against the Axis powers. In his final chapters, he examines the continuing racial frictions within the Army Air Forces which led to black servicemen protests and riots in 1945 at several installations.
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332d Fighter Group accept AFSHRC Air Corps Air Staff American April Army Air Forces Arnold Papers assigned attitude August Aviation Squadron Bamber Bridge base black community black flying black officers black pilots black press black soldiers black troops black units cadets Civilian Aide club Colored Troops combat Committee Courier Davis December discrimination Eaker effort Eighth Air Force February Fighter Group Freeman Field Giles Godman Hastie's Henry H History Hunter issue January Judge Hastie July June leadership Lovett MacDill Field March McCloy Memo from Gibson ment military NAACP NARG 18 AAF NARG 407 Army-AG Negro Troops number of black OCMH October organizations Parrish pressure race relations racial problems recreational facilities Secretary of War segregation Selfridge Field Selway September 1944 social stationed Stimson theater tion Training Command Training First Air Truman Gibson Tuskegee War Department Washington white officers World War II wrote
Page 10 - the essential dignity of the individual human being, of the fundamental equality of all men, and of certain inalienable rights to freedom, justice, and a fair opportunity.
Page 8 - viewpoints. The Army then cannot be made the means of engendering conflict among the mass of the people because of a stand with respect to Negroes which is not compatible with the position attained by the Negro in civilian life. This principle must necessarily govern the Army not only with
Page 8 - principles which will insure success. Experiments to meet the wishes and demands of the champions of every race and creed for the solution of their problems are a danger to efficiency, discipline and morale and would result in ultimate defeat.
Page 96 - fellow and with money to spend. Our own white soldiers, seeing a girl walk down the street with a negro, frequently see themselves as protectors of the weaker sex and believe it necessary to intervene even to the extent of using force, to let her know what she's doing.
Page 2 - example, Madison Grant's The Passing of the Great Race (1916) and Lothrop Stoddard's The Rising Tide of Color Against White World Supremacy (1920)
Page 8 - to other dogma be it religious, political or economic. The Army is not a sociological laboratory; to be effective it must be organized and trained according to principles which will insure success. Experiments to meet the wishes and demands of the champions of every race and creed for the solution of their problems are a danger to efficiency, discipline and morale and would result in ultimate defeat.
Page 8 - people because of a stand with respect to Negroes which is not compatible with the position attained by the Negro in civilian life. This principle must necessarily govern the Army not only with this subject of contention, but with
Page 19 - no ordinary sacrifice, but we make it gladly and willingly with our eyes lifted to the hills.
Page 139 - Jul-28 Aug 1947; Maj William A Campbell, 28 Aug 1947-1 Jul 1949. CAMPAIGNS. American Theater; Air Combat, EAME Theater; Rome-Arno; Normandy; Northern France; Southern France; North Apennines; Rhineland; Central Europe; Po Valley. DECORATIONS. Distinguished Unit Citation: Germany, 24 Mar 1945. INSIGNE. Shield: Azure on a fess nebule or, a panther passant sable armed and incensed gules. Motto: SPIT FIRE. (Approved 15 Jan 1943.)