Bloody Harlan: the United Mine Workers of America in Harlan County, Kentucky, 1931-1941
This book details the classic saga of conflict between labor and management occasioned by the many attempts of the United Mine Workers of America to organize Harlan's miners during the New Deal Era. Harlan County, Kentucky was the last major anti-union bastion in the Appalachian coalfield. The story of the organization of the county's coal mines by the United Mine Workers of America is largely confined to the decade of the 1930's. The most serious union campaigns occurred in 1931-32, after the passage of the National Industrial Recovery Act in 1933, and following the enactment of the National Labor Relations Act in 1935. Finally, after almost a decade of labor strife, the Federal Government intervened following the Supreme Court decision in the case, N.L.R.B. v. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corporation (301 U.S.1), on April 12, 1937 which upheld the National Labor Relations Act. After a year of federal inquiry, culminating in the Mary Helen conspiracy trial at London, Kentucky, Harlan's miners could join the UMWA openly and without fear of recrimination.
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Open Season on Organizers
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anti-union August Bassham Battle of Evarts Bell County Black Mountain Brookside campaign Cawood charges Clontz Clover Fork Coal Company coal miners coal operators coalfield Commonwealth Commonwealth's Attorney conspiracy contract County Attorney county courthouse Creech Cumberland defendants Denhardt Commission deputy sheriffs District 19 Dwyer election Federal Follette Committee Free Speech grand jury guard guardsmen gun thugs Harlan coal Harlan County Harlan Daily Enterprise Harlan deputies Harlan operators Harlan-Wallins HCCOA hearings Helen Coal Corporation High Splint Howard indicted investigation James Westmoreland January John Jones Judge Gilbert July jurors Kentucky Knoxville News-Sentinel Lexington Louisville Courier-Journal Lynch Mary Helen Coal Middlesboro Middlesboro Daily murder National ordered pickets Pineville Pineville Sun president rally reign of terror Rights of Labor Senate Sheriff Middleton Speech and Rights Tackett Taylor testimony Titler trial troops Turnblazer Tway UMWA UMWA organizers union United Mine Workers Unthank Violations of Free Wagner Act Wallins Wallins Creek Williams witnesses Workers of America