Boating Accident Investigations 1974: Fire and Explosion
U.S. Coast Guard, Office of Research and Development, 1975 - Boating accidents - 271 pages
The U.S. Coast Guard Boating Statistics (CG357) reveal that in a recent 5 year period there were a total of 1882 fire and explosion accidents with a monetary loss of over 15 million dollars. In these accidents, there were 95 fatalities and 677 injuries. The Report includes the individual case reports for 11 in-depth investigations conducted in 1974, plus an analysis of 38 cases investigated in 1970, 1972 and 1973. The Report indicates that the major causes for explosions and fires on boats are: (1) fuel tank failures (including fuel tank installation problems), (2) failures of the fuel fill pipe system (3) siphon action of fuel and (4) failures of fuel lines and fittings. Electrical system failures constitute a major cause, but the likelihood of a total loss appears to be substantially less. The study indicates that areas deserving special attention include the consistent lack of adequate fire extinguishing equipment.
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ABYC Standards anti-siphon approximately Backfire Flame Arrester bilge pump blower boat involved boat owner boat was equipped burned carburetor clamp Coast Guard cockpit deck column comply connection corrosion CORROSION MECHANICAL damage diaphragm diaphragm mechanical ELECTRICAL SYSTEM engine box engine space evidence explosion and fire failure fiberglass fire and explosion fire extinguisher flare fittings flexible fuel line Ford and Beck forward fuel feed line fuel fill hose fuel fill pipe fuel filter fuel gauge fuel leakage fuel pump fuel tank gallons hose clamp hot-dipped galvanized hull ignition distributor ignition-proof inch indicate instrument panel KNOWN CHANGES leak liquid tight master battery switch minute fire resistance NFPA or ABYC oil level operating outboard Photograph port engine port side port tank Report short circuits siphon action source of fuel source of ignition starboard side starter solenoid steel Table tank top throttle Underwriters Laboratories vapors VENT LINES ventilating voltage regulator wire