Body Size in Mammalian Paleobiology: Estimation and Biological Implications
John Douglas Damuth, Bruce J. MacFadden
Cambridge University Press, Nov 30, 1990 - Nature - 397 pages
This valuable collection of essays presents and evaluates techniques of body-mass estimation and reviews current and potential applications of body-size estimates in paleobiology. Papers discuss explicitly the errors and biases of various regression techniques and predictor variables, and the identification of functionally similar groups of species for improving the accuracy of estimates. At the same time other chapters review and discuss the physiological, ecological, and behavioral correlates of body size in extant mammals; the significance of body-mass distributions in mammalian faunas; and the ecology and evolution of body size in particular paleofaunas. Coverage is particularly detailed for carnivores, primates, and ungulates, but information is also presented on marsupials, rodents, and proboscideans.
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Aepycamelus allometric animals articular dimensions artiodactyls average basal rate biological body length body mass estimates body weight bovids browsers camelids carnivores cervids condyle Cormohipparion correlated with body craniodental cross-sectional dental measures distribution ecological Eisenberg elephants equids estimate body mass estimates of body evolution extant extinct fauna feeding types felids femoral head femur Figure Fortelius fossil fossil species functional grazers groups head-body length herbivores Hominoid humerus individual Janis jaw length Jungers kangaroos locomotor log Mass lower molar length lower molar row MacFadden mammalian mammals mass predictions McNab metabolic rate molar molar area molar row length morphology Neohipparion Nonhuman oreodonts Paleobiology perissodactyls Pongid population density postcanine postcranial predict body mass predicted masses prediction errors predictive equations premolar primates range regression line relatively Ruff ruminants sample selenodont similar skeletal Slope specimens Table taxa taxonomic tayassuid teeth Teleoceras tibia tooth University Press Valkenburgh values variables vertebrate volume