Body and image: explorations in landscape phenomenology 2
The understanding and interpretation of ancient architecture, landscapes, and art has always been viewed through an iconographic lens - a cognitive process based on traditional practices in art history. But ancient people did not ascribe their visions on canvas, rather on hills, stones, and fields. Thus, Chris Tilley argues, the iconographic approach falls short of understanding how ancient people interacted with their imagery.
A kinaesthetic approach, one that uses the full body and all the senses, can better approximate the meaning that these artifacts had for their makers and today's viewers. The body intersects the landscape in a myriad of ways - through the effort to reach the image, the angles that one can use to view, the multiple senses required for interaction. Tilley outlines the choreographic basis of understanding ancient landscapes and art phenomenologically, and demonstrates the power of his thesis through examples of rock art and megalithic architecture in Norway, Ireland, and Sweden.
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animals backstone boats bodily body Borg boulders Boyne Brattebakken Bremanger Bronze Age cairn carved rocks carving surfaces cell chamber space contrast corbels cupmarks decorated stones deer images depicted designs directionality documentation Dowth east eastern Ekenberg elaborate Elva encounter Eneby entrance Eogan experience Fiskeby Gell glacial striation greywacke grooves groups Hallstrom Hardbakken Hauptman Wahlgren Himmelstadlund hooks Hornelen human figures ibid image fields imagery kerb kerbstones kinaesthetic Knowth landscape Leonardsberg look Loughcrew material megalithic art Merleau-Ponty Mesolithic metaphor Motala River motifs mountain move movement Neolithic Newgrange Norden Norrkoping area O'Kelly occur orientated orthostats Ostergotland outcrops panel passage and chamber passage orthostats perception picking relation relationship rock art rock carving area rock carving locales rock face rock surface scythe seen sensory shoe-soles side significance slope spirals style temple Vehammaren Vingen fjord Vingen rock carving Vingen terrace Vingeneset visible visual walk western end Wicklow Mountains