More rural people live below the poverty line in Bolivia than in any other country in the world. While the country's rich natural resources are controlled and exploited by a privileged minority, the indigenous majority struggle to subsist on the poorest soils, or migrate to swell the teeming shanty towns that surround the cities. Disempowered and marginalised for centuries, the indigenous elements of this culturally diverse nation are now uniting to claim the right to be heard and to be included in the political process. This Profile examines the phenomenon of the campaign for 'popular participation', which aspires to create a more equal society, one in which the poorest will be protected from the rigours of economic 'stabilisation' measures, and the economic potential of the nation can be realised for the benefit of all.
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achieved altiplano Alto Andean Andean music Argentina ayllu Aymara language Banzer Bolivia campaign campesinos cent century Chaco Chaco War Chapare charango Church coca leaf cocaine Cochabamba Colombia colonial CONDEPA country's countryside crops cultural drug economic El Alto elections eradication exploitation exports force groups highlands Hugo Banzer hyperinflation important Inca indigenous indigenous communities inhabitants investment Jesuit La Paz labour largest Latin America Law of Popular leaders living lowland majority mestizo migration military million miners mining mountain Movimiento municipal nationalisation neo-liberal oil companies organisations Oruro Oxfam Peru political party poor poorest Popular Participation population Potosi poverty privatisation production protest Quechua radio recognised region revolution Revolutionary rural areas Sanchez de Lozada Santa Cruz sectors silver sindicatos social Spanish struggle Sucre territory Tiawanaku trade traditional tropical Tupaj Katari union urban wealth women workers yatiri
Page 83 - The Spanish brought their own tradition of religious art which, in the hands of local indigenous and mestizo builders and artisans, developed into a rich and distinctive style of architecture, painting, and sculpture known as mestizo baroque.