Bolshevik Russia, Volume 20

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A.A. Knopf, 1920 - Communism - 307 pages
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Page 158 - Russia, as expressed in the following principles: 1. The equality and sovereignty of the peoples of Russia. 2. The right of the peoples of Russia to free self-determination, even to the point of separation and the formation of an independent state.
Page 307 - I believe that Bolshevik Russia will prepare for humanity the spectacle of a singular democracy, such as the world will not have known until then, a democracy which will not be made up of gradual conquests plucked by shreds from a plutocratic bourgeoisie, but which will build itself up out of the very stuff of the people, a democracy which will not descend from the powerful ones to the people, as in all present forms of society, but which will rise voluntarily and surely from the unorganized and...
Page 157 - During the tsarist times the peoples of Russia were systematically incited against one another. The results of this policy are well known: massacres and pogroms on the one hand, slavery and bondage on the other. There can be and there must be no return to this shameful policy of provocation. Henceforth it must be replaced by a policy of voluntary and honest co-operation of the people of Russia.
Page 157 - ... equality" of peoples. The results of this policy, too, are well known — the growth of national enmity, the impairment of mutual trust. An end must be made to this unworthy policy of falsehood and distrust, of cavil and provocation. Henceforth it must be replaced by an open and honest policy leading to complete mutual confidence among the peoples of Russia. Only as the result of such a confidence can an honest and lasting union of the peoples of Russia be formed. Only as the result of such a...
Page 62 - struggle for the revolutionary dictatorship of the proletariat and the peasants, aiming at a complete social transformation on the basis of the bolshevik platform." This was before the 1905 revolution, and their point of view gained a majority support. The victorious group in the party was given the name, bolshevik, meaning majority, and the defeated group, mensheviks, the minority.1 The 1905 Revolution.
Page 13 - ... 1881, a group of terrorists headed by AI Zheliabov succeeded. A second bomb was thrown at the Emperor when on his way to the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg, severely wounded the Czar who died a few hours later. The Terrorists issued a manifesto, signed by N. Morozov, which defined their program: " We must bring knives, dynamite, bombs and poison into play. By such action the authorities will be kept in fear, the general public will be continually excited, the people will be demoralized, the...
Page 269 - The right to enjoy the land is accorded, without distinction of sex, to all citizens of the State who wish to work the land, either with their own families or in other forms of association, and only as long as they are capable of working. Hiring of labour is prohibited." The peasant thus got the land and was freed from the debt on the land and from yearly rents to landlords. Some of the big estates were taken over by the State and made into model farms. Distribution of land amongst the peasantry...
Page 180 - ... which is desired by the immense majority of the workers and the labouring classes, exhausted and depleted by the war — that peace which the Russian workers and peasants, after having struck down the Tsarist monarchy, have not ceased to demand categorically — immediate peace without annexations (that is to say, without conquest of foreign territory, without forcible annexation of other nationalities), and without indemnities.
Page 194 - ... which was approved by the All-Russian Congress of Soviets of Workers' and Soldiers' Deputies, I have the honor to request you to consider the document referred to above as a formal offer for an armistice on all fronts and an immediate opening of peace negotiations — an offer which the plenipotentiary Government of the Russian Republic is addressing simultaneously to all the belligerent nations and their governments. Accept the assurances, Mr. Ambassador, of the profound respect of the Soviet...
Page 117 - ... government, and to transfer the land to the people. "Endeavoring to preserve the continuity of the only legal authority, the All-Russian Committee to Save the Country and the Revolution has taken upon itself the task of re-establishing the Provisional Government, which, resting upon the strength of the democracy, will lead the country to the Constituent Assembly and save it from counter-revolution and anarchy. ''The All-Russian Committee to Save the Country and the Revolution calls on you citizens...

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