Bond-orientational order in condensed matter systems
One of the most important aspects of solid materials is the regularity of the arrangement of the constituent molecules, that is, the long-range order. The focus of this book is on the contribution made by the ordering of bond orientations (as distinguished from the orientations of the molecules themselves) on the behavior of condensed systems, particularly their phase transitions. Examples in which bond-orientational effects play an important role are liquid crystals, quasicrystals, and two-dimensional crystals. This book contains contributions by many of the foremost researchers in the field. The chapters are tutorial reviews of the subject, written both for the active researcher looking for a review of a topic and for the graduate student investigating an exciting area of research. The contributions include an overview by J.D. Brock, Cornell; a discussion of computer simulation studies by K.J. Strandburg, Argonne; chapters on phase transition in hexatic liquid crystals by C.C. Huang, Minnesota and C.A. Murray, Texas A&M; and chapters on quasicrystals by S. Sachdev, Yale, M.V. Jaric, A.I. Goldman, Iowa State, and T.-L. Ho, Ohio State.
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Computer Simulation Studies of BondOrientational
Nature of Phase Transitions Related to Stacked
Experimental Studies of Melting and Hexatic Order
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Bond-Orientational Order in Condensed Matter Systems
Katherine J. Strandburg
No preview available - 2011
algorithm alloys atoms behavior bond density colloidal configurations correlation function correlation length critical exponent crystalline D.R. Nelson diffraction pattern diffraction peak dimensional dimensions disclination dislocation pairs disordered equilibration equilibrium shape experimental experiments facets films finite first-order fivefold fluctuations fluid free energy heat-capacity anomaly hexatic order hexatic phase HexB icosahedral clusters icosahedral glass icosahedral phase icosahedron images interaction intermediate region isotropic isotropy groups KTHNY Landau lattice layer Lett liquid crystal long-range LRPO melting transition metallic glasses molecular dynamics observed order parameter orientational order packing particles Penrose tiling pentagonal phase diagram phase transition Phys physical Pindak positional order predicted quasicrystalline quasicrystals quasiperiodic rotation sample scale scattering short-range shown in Figure sixfold SmA-HexB transition space spheres Strandburg structure factor studies surface energy symmetry planes temperature tetrahedra theory thermal thermodynamic three-dimensional tiling tilt tion topological defects translational order tricritical point two-dimensional melting unbinding vectors wedge X-ray