Bone Research in Biomechanics

Front Cover
G. Lowet
IOS Press, 1997 - Medical - 221 pages
This book focuses on the structure of bone, and its consequences for the mechanical behaviour of the bone structure. The first part of this book focuses on the development of models to predict the adaptation of bone due to changes on the mechanical loading situation (such as provoked by an implant). But far more important than the computer power presently available, the incorporation of knowledge on the biological processes have led to new kinds of models. Next to the development of models itself, the issue of model validation though comparison with clinical data is a main issue addressed in the papers of this symposium. The second part, dealing with the relationship between bone architecture and competence of bone, focuses on the morphology of trabecular bone structure. This work is mainly carried out in the context of research on osteoporosis, and look for the relation between bone structure and fracture risk. The last part is devoted to ultrasound research in bone biomechanics. Several methods have been described for the in vitro and in vivo measurement of ultrasound velocity and attenuation, both on cortical and on trabecular bone. The reader will not only discover the state-of-the-art when reading though this book. This book can give a taste of the fascinating perspectives the research in bone biomechanics still have to offer, even after more than 100 years.
 

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Contents

Finite element analyses to study periprosthetic bone adaptation H Weinans
3
Models and data M C H Van der Meulen
17
Prospects of computer models for the prediction of osteoporotic bone fracture risk
25
Validation of adaptive boneremodeling simulation models R Huiskes
33
The significance of histology in relation to noninvasive techniques in the evaluation
51
Microtomographic imaging for the nondestructive evaluation of trabecular bone
61
Assessment of trabecular structure using high resolution magnetic resonance imaging
81
The quality of trabecular bone evaluated with microcomputed tomography
97
CT and miniCT2Dimage analysis for the quantitation of vertebral trabecular
113
Scanning acoustic microscopy of human and canine cortical bone microstructure
123
Determination of acoustic parameters
139
Anatomical variation of human cancellous bone mechanical properties in vitro
157
The in vitro measurement of ultrasound in cancellous bone C M Langton
175
In vivo and in vitro measurement of ultrasound velocity in cortical bone G Lowet
217
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