Border Security: Visa Process Should Be Strengthened As an Antiterrorism Tool

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DIANE Publishing, Feb 1, 2002 - Political Science - 76 pages
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In FY 2001, State Dept. consular officers issued 7.6 million visas to citizens of other countries seeking to enter the U.S. temp'y. for bus., tourism, and other reasons. Because all 19 of the 9/11 terrorist hijackers were issued visas, strengthening the visa function as an antiterrorism tool has taken on great significance. This report assesses: how the visa process operated prior to 9/11; and what changes have occurred since then to strengthen the process as a screen against terrorists. Analyzed the factors influencing visa decisions, including the policies and guidance for, and pressures on, consular officers; the U.S. government's process for checking visa applicants against available security and intelligence data; and staffing and resource issues. Charts and tables.

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Page 9 - Every alien shall be presumed to be an immigrant until he establishes to the satisfaction of the consular officer, at the time of application for a visa, and the immigration officers, at the time of application for admission, that he is entitled to a nonimmigrant status under section 101 (a) (15).
Page 60 - ... more comprehensive, risk-based guidelines and standards on how consular officers should use the visa process as a screen against potential terrorists...
Page 22 - Intelligence and other officers of the government, as appropriate. The Task Force shall ensure that, to the maximum extent permitted by law, Federal agencies coordinate programs to accomplish the following: (1) deny entry into the United States of aliens associated with, suspected of being engaged in, or supporting terrorist activity; and (2) locate, detain, prosecute, or deport any such aliens already present in the United States. The Attorney General shall appoint a senior official as the full-time...
Page 1 - The United States also grants visas to people who intend to immigrate to the United States. In this report, we use the term "visa" to refer to nonimmigrant visas only.
Page 51 - No b. any activity a purpose of which is opposition to, or the control or overthrow of, the government of the United States, by force, violence or other unlawful means?
Page 2 - Department's visa operations focused primarily on screening applicants to determine whether they intended to work or reside illegally in the United States.
Page 5 - ... is not the only time issue. There is also the concern over how long an individual waits to finally reach a primary inspection booth.
Page 27 - May 2001, the Secretary of State, in consultation with the Attorney- General and the Secretary of the Treasury, decided to designate the Republican paramilitary group Real IRA (including its aliases '32 County Sovereignty Movement...
Page 43 - Head for the Bureau of Prisons, the Drug Enforcement Administration, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Immigration and Naturalization Service, and the United States Marshals Service, shall designate a Component Seismic Safety Coordinator for his/her respective component.
Page 72 - ... DISSEMINATION.— The system shall not allow the researcher to disseminate, or make available on the Internet, the off-site consequence analysis information, or any portion of the off-site consequence analysis information, received under this clause. "(viii) READ-ONLY INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SYSTEM.— In consultation with the Attorney General and the heads of other appropriate Federal agencies, the Administrator shall establish an information technology system that provides for the availability...

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