Border States of Mexico: Sonora, Sinaloa, Chihuahua and Durango. With a General Sketch of the Republic of Mexico, and Lower California, Coahuila, New Leon and Tamaulipas. A Complete Description of the Best Regions for the Settler, Miner and the Advance Guard of American Civilization
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abandoned abundant Alamos Altar American citizens Apaches Arispe arroba assay Batopilas bonanza border California called canon capital carga celebrated cent Cerro Chihuahua Cieneguilla Coahuila coal coast contains copper Cosala cotton Culiacan depth distance Durango duties east exports extensive feet foreign Fuerte gold and silver grazing Guadalupe Guarisamey Guaymas gulf Gulf of California hacienda Hermosillo immense inhabitants iron Jalisco Jesus Maria lands laws leagues located lode manufactured marcs Mayo Mazatlan merchants Mexican miles mill mineral mining district mountains mules north-east owners Paso passing plain port principal produced purchased railroad ranchos reached region rich river Yaqui road Rosario Rosario River Sahuaripa San Antonio San Dimas San Francisco San Jose Santa Cruz season shafts side Sierra Madre Sinaloa situated Sonora Sonora River south-east south-west Soyopa stream Tamaulipas territory thence tion town trade valley varas vein vicinity width Yaqui River yielded
Page 79 - Aguage, and many others, are situated to the north and north-east of Nacosari, at no great distance from San Juan del Rio, built upon a stream which falls into the Yaqui. These minerals are equally rich with those already described. Final contains a greater proportion of gold than silver. It is recorded in the archives of Arispe, that the former owner, a lady, by name Maria Quijada, lent, at one time, 700 marcs of gold for the use of the Government.
Page 36 - Vaca. Marco de Niza and Coronado led their adventurers through it in search of the famed cities of Cibola, north of the Gila; and before the year 1600, its richness having been made known, it was soon after occupied as missionary ground. Remains of several of these missions still exist. The mission church of* San Xavier del Bac, erected during the last century, is the finest edifice of the kind in Sonora.
Page 61 - The Real of the Cieneguita embraces the mines known as La Chipiona, La Colorada, La Cajona, La Prieta, and the vein of copper in Matarchi, La Descomulgada and Los Tajos, La Viruela, and El Realito, San Rafael, Ostimuris, Yerba Buena, and El Potrero. All of these mines are within a radius of three miles. " The principal vein appears to be that of La Chipiona. The origin of the real is unknown. The general belief is that it is the long-lost Real of Tayopa, famous in the early Spanish annals. The ores...
Page 79 - Nacosari, is a phenomenon. The vein runs east and west, and is laid open from the surface more than one thousand varas to the depth of seventy varas; the breadth of the aperture is about two yards, but on each side are immense quantities of rubbish thrown out. Much dirt and sand have washed in and covered the vein ; but general report says that the mine has no water in the interior, and that the ores were so rich that the best yielded from 25 to 30 marcs of silver for 25 pounds of ore.
Page 126 - ... attempt has been since made to resume the working. In this district the silver is generally found pure, and unaccompanied by any extraneous substance. The reduction of the ores is consequently easy and simple. When the silver is not found in solid masses, which require to be cut with the chisel, it is generally finely sprinkled through the lode, and often seems to nail together the particles of stone, through which it is disseminated.
Page 80 - ... the government. Churunibabi is a very old mine, worked in the same way as the San Pedro, as, indeed, are all the mines in this part of the country. The direction of the vein is east and west, width two varas. The last persons who undertook to work this mine, were named Escalante, Vasquez, and Coulla.
Page 126 - The ores of the Pastiano mine, near the Carmen, were so rich that the lode was worked by bars, with a point at one end and a chisel at the other, for cutting out the silver. The owner of the Pastiano used to bring the ores from the mine with flags flying, and the mules adorned with cloths of all colors. The same man received a reproof from the Bishop of Durango when he visited Batopilos for placing bars of silver from the door of his house to the great hall...
Page 146 - Cotton and cotton goods $10,500,000 Groceries, wines and spirits 5,000,000 Articles free of duty 3,300,000 Hardware and ironmongery 2,100,000 Miscellaneous 2,000,000 Linen and hemp goods 1,400,000 Woolen goods 1,400,000 Mixed goods 1,400,000 Silks 1,000,000 Earthenware, glass and crystal ware 600,000 Drugs and chemicals 300,000 Total $29,000,000 This amount was imported from the following countries: For 1875.
Page 96 - ... exclusively engaged in commercial pursuits. The roads, or rather trails, through the mountain districts are not very good ; and the rivers, in the rainy season, being mostly without bridges, present serious obstacles during that season for travel in the interior. The rainy season commonly ineludes the months of June, July, August, September, and a part of October; and during most of this time it rains a little nearly every day. Most of the flour used iii Mazatlau, Tepic, and Colima, and the ports...
Page 137 - ... buckets, and abandoned when the discharge of this duty became too laborious- Most of the principal districts may, consequently, be regarded as virgin ground, and there are few in which the old shafts might not be again brought into activity with a comparatively small outlay.