Born Entrepreneurs?: Immigrant Self-Employment in Spain
Are immigrants more enterprising than natives in Spain? How successful are migrant entrepreneurs compared to those who start businesses in their country of birth? With the growth of migration worldwide, questions such as these are garnering the attention of economists, policymakers and scholars. Born Entrepreneurs? asks how foreignness affects an immigrant's ability to launch and to grow a successful business. It also explores the economic and social benefits that immigrants might derive from self-employment and the unique factors at play in so-called ethnic and immigrant entrepreneurship.
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Introduction and context
Policies and facts
3 Literature review
4 Conceptual framework
5 Data and methodology
6 Results of the empirical analysis
Conclusions and implications
7 Final conclusions
8 Academic and policy implications
2005 GEM Spain activity of immigrants actual entrepreneurs Andalusia areas Babson College Balearic Island Basque Country Basque Statistical Institute become entrepreneurs beta coefficients business survival Canary Islands Cantabria Catalonia cent Ceuta conceptual framework context-related factors Correlation is significant databases of 2005 dissertation Diversific Dummy variable earnings of self-employed economic effect empirical studies entrepre entrepreneurial activity explanatory variables Extremadura firm creation firm survival firms created foreign entrepreneurs Foreign population registered foreign-owned firms Graph human capital hypothesis immi immigrant entrepreneurs immigrant entrepreneurship immigrants and natives income ISBN issued to foreigners La Rioja labour market level 1 tailed liability of foreignness literature logistic regression Madrid Melilla Migration models Murcia native entrepreneurs native individuals native-owned firms number of foreigners Regional aggregated databases regression analysis salaried immigrants sample self-employed and salaried self-employed immigrants self-employment set of empirical Social Security department socio-demographic Statistical Institute EUSTAT Urban Vancouver Centre variable that distinguishes venture survival