Boundaries of the city: the architecture of western urbanism
In this study Alan Waterhouse draws on anthropology, social and cultural history, literature, and philosophy to reach an understanding of the roots of western architecture and city building. He explores the illusion that cities are constructed to impose rational order, an order articulated through urban boundaries. These boundaries, he finds, are shaped around our instinctive fears and insecurities about crime, insurrection, and the violent disruption of everyday life. At the same time, contrary instincts aspire to create a unified domain, to proclaim the interdependence of things through constructed work. Cities are shaped less by rational design than by a recurring dialectic of boundary formation.
These impulses underlie the formal vocabulary of architecture and urbanism. Waterhouse follows them through the theories, ideologies, and styles that seem to govern city building; he finds their presence in the creation of territorial divisions, and also wherever the cityscape has been shaped by a poetic imagination.
Tracing his narrative of urban boundaries from antiquity to the birth of modernism, Waterhouse discovers some stubborn legacies that bind contemporary urban design to the past. Part One explores the boundary dialectic in our regard for deities, for nature, and for one another, and then as a powerful influence on architectural invention and our ways of life. Part Two traces these themes through city building history, to show how architecture and human relatedness are subordinated by boundary formation in the cycles of urbanization.
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Expressive Meanings Ancient and Modern
The Narrative of Boundary Architecture
SelfInterest and Reciprocity
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Alfeld ancient Andrea Palladio Antonio Gaudi Ara Pacis arcades archi architect architecture architecture and urbanism armature baptistery Behrens Benscheidt Berlin Braunfels Campo cathedral centre century B.C. character church city building city's civic classical cloister communal complete construction dialectic Djemila dominated Domus Aurea expressive meaning facade factory Fagus-Werk Fali Florence forms frieze Greek Gropius Hephaestus human idea industrial intensity land landscape Markets of Trajan mechanical relations medieval ment metaphor metres metropolis Michael Graves modern nature nave occupied Olynthus palace Palazzo Paris Pergamum perimeter Peter Behrens Piazza Pienza Plato polis political practice production rational Renaissance Roman Rome Santa Maria seems self-interest sense shape Siena Sienese social space spatial square street structure suburban symbols tecture temple tenement territory theme things tion town ture turn urban boundaries villas wall Walter Gropius whole