Boys in the Pits: Child Labour in Coal Mines
Boys in the Pits shows the rapid maturity of the boys and their role in resisting exploitation. In what will certainly be a controversial interpretation of child labour, Robert McIntosh recasts wage-earning children as more than victims, showing that they were individuals who responded intelligently and resourcefully to their circumstances. Boys in the Pits is particularly timely as, despite the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, accepted by the General assembly in 1989, child labour still occurs throughout the world and continues to generate controversy. McIntosh provides an important new perspective from which to consider these debates, reorienting our approach to child labour, explaining rather than condemning the practice. Within the broader social context of the period, where the place of children was being redefined as - and limited to - the home, school, and playground, he examines the role of changing technologies, alternative sources of unskilled labour, new divisions of labour, changes in the family economy, and legislation to explore the changing extent of child labour in the mines.
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adult Alberta Albion Mines amend Annual attendance BCMR Belshaw bords British Columbia Canadian Mining Cape Breton certification child labour childhood Chinese coal communities Coal Industry Coal Mining coal towns coalfields colliery compulsory Crowsnest Pass Daily British Colonist Department of Labour developed drivers early earnings efforts employed Evidence Factory federal girls Glace Bay Halifax Herald horse Hudson's Bay Company Ibid immigrant juvenile Labour Canada Library legislation lodge longwall Macdonald MacLeod manager markets McKay mechanized miners Mines Act minimum age mining community mining families Nanaimo nineteenth century Nova Scotia NSMR officials Ontario operated organized parents percent Pictou County pit boys province PWA Grand Council Realm of Uncertainty reform Report restrictions Royal Commission Seager Sessional Papers sixteen social Society Springhill Statutes of Nova Stellarton strike Sydney Mines tion twentieth century UMWA underground haulage Union Vancouver Island Victoria Daily British women workers workforce working-class workplace young
Page 274 - Price 24s. net. A TEXT-BOOK OF COAL-MINING : FOR THE USE OF COLLIERY MANAGERS AND OTHERS ENGAGED IN COAL-MINING. BY HERBERT WILLIAM HUGHES, FGS, Assoc.