Brahms's Song Collections
Brahms once complained that singers never performed his songs in the groups in which he had published them, which he likened to 'song bouquets'. Over a century later, many singers and musicologists continue to ignore Brahms's wishes and focus on the individual songs rather than the bouquet groups. This is a detailed study of the implications of Brahms's comments. Following an examination of contemporary aesthetic and generic frameworks, the book traces Brahms's Lieder from their conception, to the arrangement into bouquets, to performance and reception, and examines the sometimes contradictory roles played by poet, composer, performer and recipient in creating coherence in song collections. An investigation of the graphic cycles of Max Klinger reveals a startling visual analogue of Brahms's conception of the song bouquet, and a final examination of the evidence of Brahms's aesthetic outlook reveals that his intentions may have been cyclic in more than one sense.
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Table 23 Compositional history of Brahmss Heine settings
Table 31 Relationships between Tiecks and Brahmss Magelone texts
Table 34 Tonal and textual relationships in op 6
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arrangement Beckerath beloved Billroth Brahms Brahms appears Brahms-Phantasien Brahms’s bouquets Brahms’s Lieder Brahms’s music Brahms’s song collections Clara Schumann coherence complete composer composer’s concept connections context cyclic Daumer death Dichterliebe die ferne Geliebte E major Eichendorff element example ﬁfth ﬁgure ﬁnal poem ﬁnal song ﬁnd ﬁrst poem ﬁrst song ﬁve ﬂat major ﬂowers fourth song fragment G major genre graphic cycles Groth groups of songs Heine cycle identiﬁed individual numbers individual songs inﬂuence Intermezzi Kalbeck Kl¨ange Klaus Groth Lieder Liederkreis lyric cycle Magelone Romanzen Max Klinger Melodien minor Myrthen narrative voice narrator narrator’s Ophelia-Lieder opus groups organicism performance piano poet poetic poetry notebook protagonist published reﬂects relation reveals Schubert’s Schumann self-reﬂexivity signiﬁcance Simrock singing solo Lieder song bouquets song cycle speciﬁc Stockhausen suggests tessitura texts textual thematic theme Tieck’s tonal tonal sequence tonic transposed editions Vier ernste Ges¨ange Violin Sonata vocal volume whole Winterreise