Brain-Inspired Information Technology

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Akitoshi Hanazawa, Tsutom Miki, Keiichi Horio
Springer Science & Business Media, Sep 22, 2010 - Mathematics - 178 pages
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"Brain-inspired information technology" is one of key concepts for the development of information technology in the next generation. Explosive progress of computer technology has been continuing based on a simple principle called "if-then rule". This means that the programmer of software have to direct every action of the computer programs in response to various inputs. There inherently is a limitation of complexity because we human have a limited capacity for managing complex systems. Actually, many bugs, mistakes of programming, exist in computer software, and it is quite difficult to extinguish them. The parts of computer programs where computer viruses attack are also a kind of programming mistakes, called security hole. Of course, human body or nervous system is not perfect. No creator or director, however, exists for us. The function of our brain is equipped by learning, self-organization, natural selection, and etc, resulting in adaptive and flexible information system. Brain-inspired information technology is aiming to realize such nature-made information processing system by using present computer system or specific hardware. To do so, researchers in various research fields are getting together to inspire each other and challenge cooperatively for the same goal.

 

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Contents

Mission Capable Autonomous Control Systems in the Oceans in the Air and in Space
1
Three Paths to Relevance
11
BrainLike Evolving Spiking Neural Networks for Multimodal Information Processing
14
HumanLike Local Navigation System Inspired by a Hippocampal Memory Mechanism
29
BrainInspired Emergence of Behaviors Based on Values and Curiosity in Mobile Robots
33
Emergence of Behaviors by Reinforcement Learning Based on the Desire for Existence
39
Classification and Novelty Detection of Omniview Images Taken from a Mobile Robot
45
Curiosity and Boredom Based on Prediction Error as Novel Internal Rewards
50
A Novel Embedded Computer Based Autonomous Robot for Sewer Pipe Inspection
103
The Angular Threshold for Frog Collision Avoidance Behavior Changes Depending on Not Only the Stimulus Location But Also the Behavioral Strat...
109
SpikeTimingDependent LTPLTD Caused by Uncorrelated Signals through Medial and Lateral Perforant Pathways in the Dentate Granule Cell
115
Spatiotemporal Synchronization of Neuronal Activity in a Hippocampal CA3 Network Model Including the OLM Cell
119
The Regulation of GlutamateInduced Astrocytic Ca2+i Responses by the Desensitization of Metabotropic Glutamate Receptor
123
Functional Properties of ResonateandFire Neuron Circuits for BioInspired Chemical Sensor Array
128
A Robot Vision System Using a Silicon Retina
135
RealTime HumanMachine Interaction System Based on Face Authentication and Arm Posture Recognition
140

Skill Transfer of a Mobile Robot Obtained by Reinforcement Learning to a Different Mobile Robot
57
Effect of Fitness Functions on the Performance of Evolutionary Particle Swarm Optimization
63
Constraint Satisfaction with Neural Network for Trajectory Planning
69
Acquisition and Extinction of Avoidance Response by Social Interaction in Rats
73
Positive and Negative Effects of Environmental Chemicals on Brain Function in Rodents
79
Category Recognition in the Monkey Orbitofrontal Cortex
85
Implementation into an Autonomous Underwater Robot
90
An Environment Recognition System Using SOM
97
Shadow Elimination Mimicking the Human Visual System
147
An FPGABased Collision Warning System Using MovingObject Detection Inspired by Neuronal Propagation in the Hippocampus
152
A Chemical Sensor Array Inspired by Mouse Taste Buds
159
Emotional Behavior and Expression Based on a Neural Network Model of Amygdala
165
Effective and Adaptive Learning Based on DiversiveSpecific Curiosity
171
Author Index
176
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