Brain Fitness: An Instructor's Manual of 150 Exercises for People with Low to High Cognitive Function
he brain is the most complex part of the human body. It is the center of intelligence, interprets senses, controls behavior, and initiates body movement. The adult human brain weighs about three pounds is composed of one hundred billion to one trillion neurons. Neurons are specialized cells that use electrical signals to transmit information to other nerve cells, glands, or muscle cells. It is the primary functional unit of the brain. All movement, thoughts, senses, memories, and feelings are the result of signals that pass through these neurons. Attached to the neuron are short, finger-like protuberances called dendrites. Messages are passed from neuron to neuron through the dendrites. Scientists now believe that the brain is able to grow new dendrites and neurons. This is the basis of the Brain Fitness exercises, which were tested over a two-year period by older adults in Port Charlotte, Florida. The brain-stimulating, challenging, novel-enriched activities in Brain Fitness can benefit anyone — regardless of age or cognitive ability.
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Abstraction Cognitive Functioning activity Alternative Method Ask participants Ask the participants Body Awareness Brain Fitness chopsticks clothespin color Communication Cognitive Functioning Coordination Cognitive Functioning copy cotton ball Crossing the Midline dashed valley draw Edition Executive Functioning Cognitive Exercise Type Fold following questions Functioning Cognitive Functioning guess hand and catch Hasbro High Materials Needed high-functioning participants index fingers Kinesthetic Sense Language and Communication left hand Leisure levels Materials Needed Low to Moderate low-functioning participants Memory Cognitive Functioning Midline Cognitive Functioning Moderate Materials Needed Moderate to High Motor Function Origami participant Method participants the following pencils Method pens or pencils person pick-up sticks play Player POPEYE Provide each participant Raise your right remember right hand RlGHT scissors Sensory Cognitive Functioning sheet smell someone Spatial Cognitive Functioning stick tangram Tantrix Therapeutic Recreation toothpicks Visual Spatial Cognitive Warm-ups Cognitive Functioning words YES/NO YES/NO YES/NO