Breadline Europe: The Measurement of Poverty

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David Gordon, Peter Townsend
Policy Press, 2000 - Political Science - 465 pages
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Since 1990, the World Bank, most of the other international agencies and an increasing number of governments have committed themselves to the eradication of poverty. But the basis of their work badly needs overhaul and concerted verification. Breadline Europe provides a scientific and international basis for the analysis and reduction of poverty. It demonstrates that there is far more important research into the problem of poverty going on in many countries of Europe than the international agencies and national governments admit or even realise. Knowledge of the major scientific advances in research needs to be spread among other countries within as well as outside Europe.Breadline Europe has been written by a number of leading European poverty researchers and has three main themes: the need for a scientific poverty line: for better definition and measurement of what is the biggest and rapidly growing international social problem; the need for better theories distinguishing between poverty and social exclusion, with the corresponding policies calculated to diminish these problems;the need for better international social policy and for better policy-related analyses of poverty: for more exact analysis of the year-by-year contribution of specific policies to poverty.This is the first book to examine poverty in Europe within the international framework agreed at the 1995 World Summit on Social Development. Breadline Europe provides up-to-date, essential reading for social science undergraduates and postgraduate students. It will also be of considerable interest to policy makers and NGOs with a concern for poverty reduction.
 

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Contents

the measurement of poverty in Europe
1
Resolving poverty the need for a scientific consensus
23
the implications of the 1995
35
four Measuring absolute and overall poverty
49
a European history and
79
a new research methodology
107
poverty purpose and closure
141
eight Poverty inequality and health
165
eleven Child poverty in comparative perspective
223
twelve Poverty and the poor in Central and Eastern Europe
251
thirteen Poverty in Hungary and in Central and Eastern Europe
267
fourteen Measurement and definitions of poverty in Russia
307
fifteen What is social exclusion?
357
concepts and evidence
385
the wider context for
407
eighteen Conclusion
441

nine Poverty in Finland and Europe
191
a comparison of income
203

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About the author (2000)

David Gordon, Townsend Centre for International Poverty Research, School for Policy Studies, University of Bristol and Peter Townsend, Centre for the Study of Human Rights, London School of Economics and Political Science