Breadwinner Or Caregiver?: How Household Role Affects Labor Choices in Mexico
World Bank, Latin American and the Caribbean Region, Gender Sector Unit, 2001 - Men - 48 pages
Is gender a primary determinant of patterns of participation in the labor force among adult men and women with different household responsibilities? No, although gender affects employment decisions indirectly, through household role. Labor patterns are more similar for men and women who have the same household role.
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added worker effect business cycle caregiver children age 1-5 coefficient estimates conditional probability consensual union constraints daughters age 12-17 dummy earnings economic shocks employees employer of last enter the labor fall in household FALLHHY force participation decisions formal sector jobs formal wage gender head-wife's headed by unmarried homecare household age household heads household income household labor income household members household responsibilities household roles household structure increase inform4l informal sector jobs involuntarily OLF job loss job the spouse labor force entry labor force participation labor market labor supply logistic distribution lower paying informal Maloney married Model mothers and husbands multinomial logit opportunity cost panel data piece ork primary breadwinner sample sample size sector of entry sectoral choice self-employment shocks to household sign and magnitude source of non-labor spouses or children Table unemployment rate unmarried no kids unmarried women unpaid Wife single mother wives single women without children young children