Breadwinning: New Zealand Women and the State

Front Cover
Canterbury University Press, 2000 - Feminism - 386 pages
For much of the twentieth century, New Zealand women were arguably the most domesticated in the world. Even if a woman worked outside the home for money before marriage, once wedded she was doomed to spend the rest of her life within the domestic sphere, making a home and raising children. By 2000, if the United Nations is to be believed, New Zealand women were close to achieving true gender equality. Was domesticity really imposed on women in the twentieth century? Did society and state conspire to imprison them in their own homes? And if so, how did they escape? Breadwinning charts women's relationship with the state from the 1890s to the 1980s. Through an examination of education policies, labour legislation, welfare measures and equal pay campaigns, Melanie Nolan examines the issues aroused by women's work which straddled both public and private worlds. This book is an ambitious survey of women's lives and relations with the state - a state that looms large both as an agent of and an impediment to change.

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Protective Labour Legislation
Widows and Grass Widows

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