Breaking the Conflict Trap: Civil War and Development Policy
Civil war conflict is a core development issue. The existence of civil war can dramatically slow a country's development process, especially in low-income countries which are more vulnerable to civil war conflict. Conversely, development can impede civil war. When development succeeds, countries become safer when development fails, they experience a greater risk of being caught in a conflict trap. Ultimately, civil war is a failure of development. 'Breaking the Conflict Trap' identifies the dire consequences that civil war has on the development process and offers three main findings. First, civil war has adverse ripple effects that are often not taken into account by those who determine whether wars start or end. Second, some countries are more likely than others to experience civil war conflict and thus, the risks of civil war differ considerably according to a country's characteristics including its economic stability. Finally, Breaking the Conflict Trap explores viable international measures that can be taken to reduce the global incidence of civil war and proposes a practical agenda for action. This book should serve as a wake up call to anyone in the international community who still thinks that development and conflict are distinct issues.
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Afghanistan Africa Angola asylum countries average Botswana Cambodia capita income capital flight chapter Chechnya civil war civil wars Collier and Hoeffler conflict diamonds conflict trap costs coun CPIA demobilization developing countries diamonds diaspora displaced drugs economic effects of civil example exports Figure finance flict Gleditsch global incidence growth rate Hoeffler 2002c IDPs incidence of civil incidence of conflict increase the risk institutions international community interventions Jonas Savimbi Khmer Rouge Kimberley process low-income countries malaria marginalized countries ment military expenditure military spending natural resources neighboring OECD percent percentage points policy reform political population postconflict countries postconflict decade postconflict situations primary commodity probably problem rebel groups rebel organization reduce the risk refugees regional revenues risk of civil risk of conflict risk of rebellion Rwanda Sambanis self-sustaining Sierra Leone simulation social social capital society Source successful developers Tamil Tigers tend tion typical Uganda violence World Bank