Breaking the Ice: From Land Claims to Tribal Sovereignty in the Arctic
Breaking the Ice is a comparative study of the movement for native land claims and indigenous rights in Alaska and the Western Arctic, and the resulting transformation in domestic politics as the indigenous peoples of the North gained an increasingly prominent role in the governance of their homeland. This work is based on field research conducted by the author during his nine-year residency in the Western Arctic. Zellen discusses the major conflicts facing Alaskan Natives, from the struggle to regain control over their land claims to the Native alienation from the corporate structure and culture and the resulting resurgence in tribalism. He shows that while the forces of modernism and traditionalism continued to clash, these conflicts were mediated by the structures of co-management, corporate development, and self-government created by the region's comprehensive land claims settlements. Breaking the Ice gives testimony to the achievements of Alaskan Natives through peaceful negotiation, and argues that the age of land claims has transmuted this same tribal force into something else altogether in the North: a peaceful force to spawn the emergence of new structures of Aboriginal self-governance.
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Aboriginal rights Aboriginal self-government Aklavik Alaska Natives ANCSA ANILCA Available online Beaufort Sea Berger Board bowhead bowhead whale Canada Canadian co-management Commission on Rural Committee constitutional COPE Court cultural decision-making Decisions in Ottawa Dene economic EIRB Environmental Assessment federal government fish and game Governor Gruben Gwich'in harvest Holding Our Ground homeland hunting impact implementation Indian country Inuit Inupiat Inuvialuit Final Agreement Inuvialuit land claim Inuvialuit Regional Corporation Inuvialuit Settlement Region Inuvik issue Kulluk Kulluk Drilling Program land claim settlement land claims land claims agreements leaders ment military million Native and non-Native Native community Native corporations Native land claims Native villages negotiations North Slope North Warning System northern Natives Nunavut participation political protect Regional Corporation Robinson and Binder Rural Governance structure subsistence tion tive traditional treaties tribal sovereignty tribes Western Arctic whale Wickwire wildlife
Page 4 - The Eskimos of Canada are in a primitive state of social development. It is important that these people be not subjected unduly to disruption of their hunting economy, exposure to diseases against which their immunity is often low, or other effects of the presence of white men which might be injurious to them.