Breaking Up the Collective Farm: Welfare Outcomes of Vienam's Massive Land Privatization
World Bank, Development Research Group, Poverty Team, and, Public Services for Human Development Team, 2001 - Collective farms - 42 pages
In the decollectivization of agriculture in Vietnam, local allocation of land use rights reduced overall inequality, thanks to initial conditions at the time of reform and actions by the center to curtail the power of local elites.
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actual allocation actual land allocation administrative allocation agricultural allocated irrigated land allocated land allocation equation allocation of land assumption cadres capture collective farming collectivization consumption loss consumption per capita consumption-efficient allocation consumption-maximizing allocation cooperative counter factual cultivates swidden land de-collectivization decentralized dependency ratio dummy variable efficient allocation efficient land allocation equal allocation equal land allocation ethnic H'hold's private heterogeneity in land history of Vietnam household consumption household consumption expenditure household member index of poverty inequality irrigated land equivalent irrigated x 103 Land Law land m2 land quality land reform log consumption Log h'hold maximized aggregate consumption mean consumption Mekong Delta non-irrigated land Northern Uplands parameters peasants Pingali and Xuan poverty gap index poverty line private perennial Prob>F Red River reduced form region relative Resolution RMSE shadow price social subsidy South Squared poverty gap Vietnam water surface land welfare weights World Bank